noexcept (C++)

C++11: Specifies whether a function might throw exceptions.


throw ( )
noexcept ( constant-expression )


A constant expression of type bool that represents whether the set of potential exception types is empty. The unconditional version is equivalent to noexcept(true).


A noexcept-expression is a kind of exception specification: a suffix to a function declaration that represents a set of types that might be matched by an exception handler for any exception that exits a function. Unary conditional operator noexcept(constant_expression) when constant_expression yields true, and its unconditional synonym noexcept, specify that the set of potential exception types that can exit a function is empty. That is, the function never throws an exception and never allows an exception to be propagated outside its scope. The operator noexcept(constant_expression) when constant_expression yields false, or the absence of an exception specification (other than for a destructor or deallocation function), indicates that the set of potential exceptions that can exit the function is the set of all types.

Mark a function as noexcept only if all the functions that it calls, either directly or indirectly, are also noexcept or const. The compiler doesn't necessarily check every code path for exceptions that might bubble up to a noexcept function. If an exception does exit the outer scope of a function marked noexcept, std::terminate is invoked immediately, and there's no guarantee that destructors of any in-scope objects will be invoked. Use noexcept instead of the dynamic exception specifier throw(). The dynamic exception specification, or throw(optional_type_list) specification, was deprecated in C++11 and removed in C++17, except for throw(), which is an alias for noexcept(true). We recommended you apply noexcept to any function that never allows an exception to propagate up the call stack. When a function is declared noexcept, it enables the compiler to generate more efficient code in several different contexts. For more information, see Exception specifications.


A function template that copies its argument might be declared noexcept on the condition that the object being copied is a plain old data type (POD). Such a function could be declared like this:

#include <type_traits>

template <typename T>
T copy_object(const T& obj) noexcept(std::is_pod<T>)
   // ...

See also

Modern C++ best practices for exceptions and error handling
Exception specifications (throw, noexcept)