Microsoft C/C++ language conformance by Visual Studio version
Standards conformance for the Microsoft C/C++ compiler in Visual Studio (MSVC) is a work in progress. Here's a summary of ISO Standard C and C++ language and library conformance by Visual Studio version. Each C++ compiler and standard library feature name has a link to the ISO Standard C++ proposal paper that describes the feature, when one is available at publication time. The Supported column lists the Visual Studio version in which support for the feature first appeared.
No Not yet implemented. Partial The implementation is incomplete. For more information, see the Notes section. VS 2010 Supported in Visual Studio 2010. VS 2013 Supported in Visual Studio 2013. VS 2015 Supported in Visual Studio 2015 (RTW). VS 2015.2 and VS 2015.3 indicate features that are supported in Visual Studio 2015 Update 2 and Visual Studio 2015 Update 3, respectively. VS 2017 15.0 Supported in Visual Studio 2017 version 15.0 (RTW). VS 2017 15.3 Supported in Visual Studio 2017 version 15.3. VS 2017 15.5 Supported in Visual Studio 2017 version 15.5. VS 2017 15.7 Supported in Visual Studio 2017 version 15.7. VS 2019 16.0 Supported in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.0 (RTW). VS 2019 16.1 Supported in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.1. VS 2019 16.2 Supported in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.2. VS 2019 16.3 Supported in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.3. VS 2019 16.4 Supported in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.4. VS 2019 16.5 Supported in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.5. VS 2019 16.6 Supported in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.6. VS 2019 16.7 Supported in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.7. VS 2019 16.8 Supported in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.8. VS 2019 16.9 Supported in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.9. VS 2019 16.10 Supported in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.10. VS 2022 17.0 Supported in Visual Studio 2022 version 17.0. VS 2022 17.1 Supported in Visual Studio 2022 version 17.1. VS 2022 17.2 Supported in Visual Studio 2022 version 17.2. VS 2022 17.3 Supported in Visual Studio 2022 version 17.3. VS 2022 17.4 Supported in Visual Studio 2022 version 17.4. VS 2022 17.5 Supported in Visual Studio 2022 version 17.5.
A In /std:c++14 mode, dynamic exception specifications remain unimplemented, and throw() is still treated as a synonym for __declspec(nothrow). In C++17, dynamic exception specifications were mostly removed by P0003R5, except for one vestige: throw() is deprecated and required to behave as a synonym for noexcept. In /std:c++17 mode, MSVC now conforms to the Standard by giving throw() the same behavior as noexcept, that is, enforcement via termination.
The compiler option /Zc:noexceptTypes requests the old behavior of __declspec(nothrow). It's likely that throw() will be removed in a future version of C++. To help with migrating code in response to these changes in the Standard and the Microsoft implementation, new compiler warnings for exception specification issues have been added under /std:c++17 and /permissive-.
C In Visual Studio 2019 version 16.6 and later versions, the compiler fully implements the standard C99 preprocessor via the /Zc:preprocessor option. (In Visual Studio 2017 versions 15.8 through 16.5, the compiler supports the standard C99 preprocessor via the /experimental:preprocessor compiler option.) This option is on by default when the compiler option /std:c11 or /std:c17 is specified.
E The implementation is sufficient to support the C++20 Standard Library. A complete implementation requires a binary breaking change.
F Features removed when the /std:c++17 or later compiler option is specified. To re-enable these features (to ease the transition to newer language modes), use these macros: _HAS_AUTO_PTR_ETC, _HAS_FUNCTION_ALLOCATOR_SUPPORT, _HAS_OLD_IOSTREAMS_MEMBERS, and _HAS_UNEXPECTED.
G C++17's parallel algorithms library is complete. Complete doesn't mean that every algorithm is parallelized in every case. The most important algorithms have been parallelized. Execution policy signatures are provided even where the implementation doesn't parallelize algorithms. The central internal header, <yvals_core.h>, contains the following "Parallel Algorithms Notes": C++ allows an implementation to implement parallel algorithms as calls to the serial algorithms. This implementation parallelizes several common algorithm calls, but not all.
H This is a wholly new implementation, incompatible with the previous std::experimental version, made necessary by symlink support, bug fixes, and changes in standard-required behavior. Currently, <filesystem> provides both the new std::filesystem and the previous std::experimental::filesystem. The <experimental/filesystem> header provides only the old experimental implementation. Expect removal of the experimental implementation in the next ABI-breaking release of the libraries.
I Supported by a compiler intrinsic.
Jstd::byte is enabled by /std:c++17 or later, but because it can conflict with the Windows SDK headers in some cases, it has a fine-grained opt-out macro. To disable it, define _HAS_STD_BYTE as 0.
K MSVC doesn't support the _Complex keyword or native complex types. The Universal CRT <complex.h> uses implementation-specific macros to achieve the same effect. For more information, see C complex math support.
L The Universal CRT doesn't implement the strftimeE and O alternative conversion modifiers. These modifiers are ignored (for example, %Oe behaves the same as %e). The modifiers aren't supported by the underlying locale APIs.
M The Universal CRT doesn't implement C11 aligned_alloc, but does provide _aligned_malloc and _aligned_free. Because the Windows operating system doesn't support aligned allocations, this function is unlikely to be implemented.
N The declaration is removed, but the export for the function remains for backward compatibility.
O Certain bounds-checking functions are unimplemented, or have different signatures, or aren't part of the C11 or C17 standard. These functions are unimplemented: abort_handler_s, ignore_handler_s, memset_s, set_constraint_handler_s, snprintf_s, snwprintf_s, strerrorlen_s, vsnwprintf_s. These functions have different signatures: gmtime_s, localtime_s, qsort_s, strtok_s, vsnprintf_s, wcstok_s. These functions don't appear in the standard: clearerr_s, fread_s.
P Support was added in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.10. Support for Clang was added in Visual Studio 2022 version 17.0.
Q This removes declare_reachable, undeclare_reachable, declare_no_pointers, undeclare_no_pointers, get_pointer_safety. Previously, these functions had no effect.
R This is a common source-breaking change. However, code that previously had undefined behavior at runtime is now rejected with compiler errors.
S Input range adaptors and counted_iterator are implemented in VS 2022 17.0. A future update to Visual Studio 2019 version 16.11 is planned to incorporate these changes.
T<stdatomic.h> is currently supported when compiled as C++ (/std:c++latest). It isn't yet supported when compiled as C (/std:c11 and /std:c17)
14 These C++17 and C++20 features are always enabled, even when /std:c++14 (the default) is specified. The reason is either because the feature was implemented before the introduction of the /std options, or because conditional implementation was undesirably complex.
17 These features are enabled by the /std:c++17 or later compiler option.
20 In versions through Visual Studio 2019 version 16.10, these features are enabled by the /std:c++latest compiler option. Visual Studio 2019 version 16.11 added the /std:c++20 compiler option to enable these features.
20abi Because of ongoing post-release work on the C++20 standard, <format>, the formatting parts of <chrono> (which rely on <format>), and the range factories and range adaptors from <ranges> (everything that needs the view concept) are only available under /std:c++latest. Expect these features under /std:c++20 after agreement is reached with WG21 that no further ABI-breaking changes are necessary. The remaining parts of <chrono> and the algorithms that apply to ranges are enabled under the /std:c++20 compiler option in Visual Studio 2019 version 16.11 and later versions.
23 In Visual Studio 2022 version 17.0 and up, these features are enabled by the /std:c++latest compiler option.
C11 Compiler support for C11 and C17 requires Visual Studio 2019 version 16.8 or higher. Except as noted, C11 and C17 library support requires Windows SDK build 10.0.20211.0 or higher. For more information on how to install support for C11 and C17, see Install C11 and C17 support in Visual Studio.
DR These features are enabled in all C++ /std compiler option modes. The C++ Standard committee adopted this change as a retroactive Defect Report to C++11 and all later versions.
2104 C11 library support for this feature requires Windows SDK build 10.0.20348.0 (version 2104) or higher.