Returns the exponential distribution. Use EXPON.DIST to model the time between events, such as how long an automated bank teller takes to deliver cash. For example, you can use EXPON.DIST to determine the probability that the process takes at most 1 minute.




Term Definition
x Required. The value of the function.
lambda Required. The parameter value.
cumulative Required. A logical value that indicates which form of the exponential function to provide. If cumulative is TRUE, EXPON.DIST returns the cumulative distribution function; if FALSE, it returns the probability density function.

Return value

Returns the exponential distribution.


  • If x or lambda is nonnumeric, EXPON.DIST returns the #VALUE! error value.

  • If x or lambda is not an integer, it is rounded.

  • If x < 0, EXPON.DIST returns the #NUM! error value.

  • If lambda ≤ 0, EXPON.DIST returns the #NUM! error value.

  • The equation for the probability density function is:

    $$f(x; \lambda) = \lambda e^{-\lambda x}$$

  • The equation for the cumulative distribution function is:

    $$F(x; \lambda) = 1 - e^{-\lambda x}$$

  • This function is not supported for use in DirectQuery mode when used in calculated columns or row-level security (RLS) rules.