Applies to: Calculated column Calculated table Measure Visual calculation

Evaluates an expression against a list of values and returns one of multiple possible result expressions. This function can be used to avoid having multiple nested IF statements.


SWITCH(<expression>, <value>, <result>[, <value>, <result>]…[, <else>])  


Term Definition
expression Any DAX expression that returns a single scalar value where the expression is to be evaluated multiple times (for each row/context).
value A constant value to be matched with the results of expression.
result Any scalar expression to be evaluated if the results of expression match the corresponding value.
else Any scalar expression to be evaluated if the result of expression doesn't match any of the value arguments.

Return value

If there’s a match with a value, a scalar value from the corresponding result is returned. If there isn’t a match with a value, a value from else is returned. If none of the values match and else isn’t specified, BLANK is returned.


  • The expression to be evaluated can be a constant value or an expression. A common use of this function is to set the first parameter to TRUE. See examples below.
  • All result expressions and the else expression must be of the same data type.
  • The order of conditions matters. As soon as one value matches, the corresponding result is returned, and other subsequent values aren’t evaluated. Make sure the most restrictive values to be evaluated are specified before less restrictive values. See examples below.


A common use of SWITCH is to compare expression with constant values. The following example creates a calculated column of month names:

         [Month Number Of Year],
         1, "January",
         2, "February",
         3, "March",
         4, "April",
         5, "May",
         6, "June",
         7, "July",
         8, "August",
         9, "September",
         10, "October",
         11, "November",
         12, "December",
         "Unknown month number"

Another common use of SWITCH is to replace multiple nested IF statements. This is accomplished by setting expression to TRUE, as shown in the following example, which compares Reorder Point and Safety Stock Level on products to identify potential risks of running out of stock:

        [Reorder Point] > [Safety Stock Level], "Good: Safety stock level exceeded",
        [Reorder Point] = [Safety Stock Level], "Minimal: Safety stock level met",
        [Reorder Point] < [Safety Stock Level], "At risk: Safety stock level not met",
        ISBLANK ( [Reorder Point] ), "Incomplete: Reorder point not set",
        ISBLANK ( [Safety Stock Level] ), "Incomplete: Safety stock level not set",

The order of values matters. In the following example, the second result is never returned because the first value is less restrictive than the second. The result in this example is always “A” or “C”, but never “B”.

         Product[Standard Cost] < 100, "A",
         Product[Standard Cost] < 10, "B",

The following statement returns an error because the data types in the result arguments are different. Keep in mind that the data types in all result and else arguments must be the same.

        "L", "Large",
        "H", 0.1