Working with IP ranges and tags
Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps (previously known as Microsoft Cloud App Security) is now part of Microsoft 365 Defender. The Microsoft 365 Defender portal allows security admins to perform their security tasks in one location. This will simplify workflows, and add the functionality of the other Microsoft 365 Defender services. Microsoft 365 Defender will be the home for monitoring and managing security across your Microsoft identities, data, devices, apps, and infrastructure. For more information about these changes, see Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps in Microsoft 365 Defender.
To easily identify known IP addresses, such as your physical office IP addresses, you need to set IP address ranges. IP address ranges allow you to tag, categorize, and customize the way logs and alerts are displayed and investigated. Each group of IP ranges can be categorized based on a preset list of IP categories. You're also able to create custom IP tags for your IP ranges. Additionally, you can override public geolocation information based on your internal network knowledge. Both IPv4 and IPv6 are supported.
Defender for Cloud Apps comes preconfigured with built-in IP ranges for popular cloud providers such as Azure and Office 365. Additionally, we have built-in tagging based on Microsoft threat intelligence including anonymous proxy, Botnet, and Tor. You can see the full list in the drop-down on the IP address ranges page.
- To use these built-in tags as part of a search, refer to their ID in the Defender for Cloud Apps API documentation.
- You can add IP ranges in bulk by creating a script using the IP address ranges API.
- You cannot add IP ranges with overlapping IP addresses.
- To view the API documentation, go to the Defender for Cloud Apps portal menu bar, select the question mark, and then select API documentation.
Built-in IP address tags and custom IP tags are considered hierarchically. Custom IP tags take precedence over built-in IP tags. For instance, if an IP address is tagged as Risky based on threat intelligence but there's a custom IP tag that identifies it as Corporate, the custom category and tags take precedence.
Create an IP address range
In the menu bar, select the Settings icon. In the drop-down menu, select IP address ranges. Select Add IP address range to add IP address ranges and set the following fields:
Name your IP range. The name doesn't appear in the activities log. It's only used to manage your IP range.
Enter each IP address range you wish to configure. You can add as many IP addresses and subnets as you want using network prefix notation (also known as CIDR notation), for example 192.168.1.0/32.
Categories are used to easily recognize activities from important IP addresses in your logs and alerts. Categories are available in the portal. However, they typically require user configuration to determine which IP addresses are included in each category. The exception to this configuration is the Risky category, which includes two IP tags - Anonymous proxy and Tor.
The following categories are available:
Administrative: These IPs should be all the IP addresses used by your admins.
Cloud provider: These IPs should be the IP addresses used by your cloud provider. Apply this category if your cloud provider isn't automatically identified.
Corporate: These IPs should be all the public IP addresses of your internal network, your branch offices, and your Wi-Fi roaming addresses.
Risky: These IPs should be any IP addresses that you consider risky. They can include suspicious IP addresses you've seen in the past, IP addresses in your competitors' networks, and so on.
VPN: These IPs should be any IP addresses you use for remote workers. By using this category, you can avoid raising impossible travel alerts when employees connect from their home locations via the corporate VPN.
To include the IP range in a category, select a category from the drop-down menu.
To Tag the activities from these IP addresses enter a tag. Entering a word into the box creates the tag. After you already have a configured tag, you can easily add it to additional IP ranges by choosing it from the list. You can add more than one IP tag for each range. IP tags can be used when building policies. Along with IP tags you configure, Defender for Cloud Apps has built-in tags that aren't configurable. You can see the list of tags under the IP tags filter.
- IP tags are added to the activity without overriding data.
To Override registered ISP or Override the location or for these addresses, select the relevant checkbox. For example, if you have an IP address that is considered publicly to be in Ireland, but you know the IP is in the US. You'll override the location for that IP address range. Or if you don't want an IP address range to be associated with a registered ISP, you can override the registered ISP.
When you're done, select Create.
If you run into any problems, we're here to help. To get assistance or support for your product issue, please open a support ticket.