Filter format for URL list-based policies
This article applies to Microsoft Edge version 77 or later.
The filter format
The filter format is:
The fields in the filter format are:
|scheme (optional)||It can be http://, https://, ftp://, edge://, etc.|
|host (required)||It must be a valid host name and you can use a wildcard ("*"). To disable subdomain matching, include an optional dot (".") before host. A single IP Address Literal hostname may be specified, but wildcarding is not supported for an IP Address Literal hostname.|
|port (optional)||Valid values range from 1 to 65535.|
|path (optional)||You can use any string in the path.|
|query (optional)||The query is either key-value or key-only tokens separated by an ampersand ("&"). Separate key-value tokens with an equal sign ("="). To indicate a prefix match, you can use an asterisk ("*") at the end of the query.|
Comparing the filter format to the URL format
The filter format resembles the URL format, except for the following differences:
- If you include "user:pass", it will be ignored. For example, http://user:email@example.com/pub/example.iso.
- If you include a fragment identifier ("#"), it and everything that follows the identifier is ignored.
- You can use a wildcard ("*") as the host and you can prefix it with a dot (".").
- You can use a forward slash ("/") or a dot (".") as a suffix for the host. In this case, the suffix is ignored.
Filter selection criteria
The filter selected for a URL is the most specific match found after processing the following filter selection rules:
Filters with the longest host match are selected first.
From the selected filters, any filter with a non-matching scheme or port is discarded.
From the remaining filters, the filter with the longest matching path is selected.
From the remaining filters, the filter with the longest set of query tokens is selected. At this step, the allow list filter takes precedence over the block list filter if both filters have the same path length and number of query tokens.
If there's no valid filter remaining, then the left-most subdomain is removed from host and the selection process starts over at step 1. The special asterisk ("*") host is the last searched and it matches all hosts.
If a filter's available, it blocks or allows the URL request.
The default behavior is to allow the URL request if no filter is matched.
Example filter selection criteria
In this example, when searching for a match to "https://sub.contoso.com/docs" the filter selection will:
- Search for a filter for "sub.contoso.com". If it finds a filter, the search moves to step 2. If a filter isn't found, then it tries again with "contoso.com", "com", and finally "".
- From the selected filters, any that don't have "http" in the scheme are removed.
- From the remaining filters, any that have an exact port number that isn't "80" are removed.
- From the remaining filters, any that don't have "/docs" as a prefix of the path are removed.
- From the remaining filters, the filter with the longest path prefix is selected and applied. If a filter isn't found, the selection process starts over again at step 1. The process is repeated with the next subdomain.
Additional filter information
If a filter has a dot (".") prefixing the host then only exact host matches are filtered. For example:
- "contoso.com" (no dot) will match "contoso.com", "www.contoso.com", and "sub.www.contoso.com"
- ".www.contoso.com" (with a dot prefix) will only match "www.contoso.com"
You can use either a standard or custom schema. Supported standard schemas include:
Any other schema is treated as a custom schema, but only the schema:* and schema://* patterns are allowed. For example:
- "custom:*" or "custom://*" will match "custom:app"
- "custom:app" or "custom://app" are invalid
schema and host aren't case-sensitive. For example:
- "http://contoso.com" filter matches "HTTP://contoso.com", "http://contoso.COM", and "http://contoso.com"
path and query are case-sensitive. For example:
- "http://contoso.com/path?query=A" filter doesn't match "http://contoso.com/Path?query=A" or "http://contoso.com/path?Query=A". It does match "http://contoso.COM/path?query=A".
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