Azure Cognitive Language Services Conversations client library for .NET - version 1.0.0

Conversational Language Understanding - aka CLU for short - is a cloud-based conversational AI service which provides many language understanding capabilities like:

  • Conversation App: It's used in extracting intents and entities in conversations
  • Workflow app: Acts like an orchestrator to select the best candidate to analyze conversations to get best response from apps like Qna, Luis, and Conversation App

Source code | Package (NuGet) | API reference documentation | Samples | Product documentation | Analysis REST API documentation | Authoring REST API documentation

Getting started

Install the package

Install the Azure Cognitive Language Services Conversations client library for .NET with NuGet:

dotnet add package Azure.AI.Language.Conversations

Prerequisites

Though you can use this SDK to create and import conversation projects, Language Studio is the preferred method for creating projects.

Authenticate the client

In order to interact with the Conversations service, you'll need to create an instance of the ConversationAnalysisClient class. You will need an endpoint, and an API key to instantiate a client object. For more information regarding authenticating with Cognitive Services, see Authenticate requests to Azure Cognitive Services.

Get an API key

You can get the endpoint and an API key from the Cognitive Services resource in the Azure Portal.

Alternatively, use the Azure CLI command shown below to get the API key from the Cognitive Service resource.

az cognitiveservices account keys list --resource-group <resource-group-name> --name <resource-name>

Namespaces

Start by importing the namespace for the ConversationAnalysisClient and related class:

using Azure.Core;
using Azure.AI.Language.Conversations;
using Azure.Identity;

Create a ConversationAnalysisClient

Once you've determined your endpoint and API key you can instantiate a ConversationAnalysisClient:

Uri endpoint = new Uri("https://myaccount.cognitive.microsoft.com");
AzureKeyCredential credential = new AzureKeyCredential("{api-key}");

ConversationAnalysisClient client = new ConversationAnalysisClient(endpoint, credential);

Create a ConversationAnalysisClient using Azure Active Directory authentication

You can also create a ConversationAnalysisClient using Azure Active Directory (AAD) authentication. Your user or service principal must be assigned the "Cognitive Services Language Reader" role. Using the DefaultAzureCredential you can authenticate a service using Managed Identity or a service principal, authenticate as a developer working on an application, and more all without changing code.

Before you can use the DefaultAzureCredential, or any credential type from Azure.Identity, youll first need to install the Azure.Identity package.

To use DefaultAzureCredential with a client ID and secret, you'll need to set the AZURE_TENANT_ID, AZURE_CLIENT_ID, and AZURE_CLIENT_SECRET environment variables; alternatively, you can pass those values to the ClientSecretCredential also in Azure.Identity.

Uri endpoint = new Uri("https://myaccount.cognitive.microsoft.com");
DefaultAzureCredential credential = new DefaultAzureCredential();

ConversationAnalysisClient client = new ConversationAnalysisClient(endpoint, credential);

Note that regional endpoints do not support AAD authentication. Instead, create a custom domain name for your resource to use AAD authentication.

Key concepts

ConversationAnalysisClient

The ConversationAnalysisClient is the primary interface for making predictions using your deployed Conversations models. It provides both synchronous and asynchronous APIs to submit queries.

Thread safety

We guarantee that all client instance methods are thread-safe and independent of each other (guideline). This ensures that the recommendation of reusing client instances is always safe, even across threads.

Additional concepts

Client options | Accessing the response | Long-running operations | Handling failures | Diagnostics | Mocking | Client lifetime

Examples

The Azure.AI.Language.Conversations client library provides both synchronous and asynchronous APIs.

The following examples show common scenarios using the client created above.

Analyze a conversation

To analyze a conversation, you can call the AnalyzeConversation() method:

string projectName = "Menu";
string deploymentName = "production";

var data = new
{
    analysisInput = new
    {
        conversationItem = new
        {
            text = "Send an email to Carol about tomorrow's demo",
            id = "1",
            participantId = "1",
        }
    },
    parameters = new
    {
        projectName,
        deploymentName,

        // Use Utf16CodeUnit for strings in .NET.
        stringIndexType = "Utf16CodeUnit",
    },
    kind = "Conversation",
};

Response response = client.AnalyzeConversation(RequestContent.Create(data));

using JsonDocument result = JsonDocument.Parse(response.ContentStream);
JsonElement conversationalTaskResult = result.RootElement;
JsonElement conversationPrediction = conversationalTaskResult.GetProperty("result").GetProperty("prediction");

Console.WriteLine($"Top intent: {conversationPrediction.GetProperty("topIntent").GetString()}");

Console.WriteLine("Intents:");
foreach (JsonElement intent in conversationPrediction.GetProperty("intents").EnumerateArray())
{
    Console.WriteLine($"Category: {intent.GetProperty("category").GetString()}");
    Console.WriteLine($"Confidence: {intent.GetProperty("confidenceScore").GetSingle()}");
    Console.WriteLine();
}

Console.WriteLine("Entities:");
foreach (JsonElement entity in conversationPrediction.GetProperty("entities").EnumerateArray())
{
    Console.WriteLine($"Category: {entity.GetProperty("category").GetString()}");
    Console.WriteLine($"Text: {entity.GetProperty("text").GetString()}");
    Console.WriteLine($"Offset: {entity.GetProperty("offset").GetInt32()}");
    Console.WriteLine($"Length: {entity.GetProperty("length").GetInt32()}");
    Console.WriteLine($"Confidence: {entity.GetProperty("confidenceScore").GetSingle()}");
    Console.WriteLine();

    if (entity.TryGetProperty("resolutions", out JsonElement resolutions))
    {
        foreach (JsonElement resolution in resolutions.EnumerateArray())
        {
            if (resolution.GetProperty("resolutionKind").GetString() == "DateTimeResolution")
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"Datetime Sub Kind: {resolution.GetProperty("dateTimeSubKind").GetString()}");
                Console.WriteLine($"Timex: {resolution.GetProperty("timex").GetString()}");
                Console.WriteLine($"Value: {resolution.GetProperty("value").GetString()}");
                Console.WriteLine();
            }
        }
    }
}

Additional options can be passed to AnalyzeConversation like enabling more verbose output:

string projectName = "Menu";
string deploymentName = "production";

var data = new
{
    analysisInput = new
    {
        conversationItem = new
        {
            text = "Send an email to Carol about tomorrow's demo",
            id = "1",
            participantId = "1",
        }
    },
    parameters = new
    {
        projectName,
        deploymentName,
        verbose = true,

        // Use Utf16CodeUnit for strings in .NET.
        stringIndexType = "Utf16CodeUnit",
    },
    kind = "Conversation",
};

Response response = client.AnalyzeConversation(RequestContent.Create(data));

Analyze a conversation in a different language

The language property can be set to specify the language of the conversation:

string projectName = "Menu";
string deploymentName = "production";

var data = new
{
    analysisInput = new
    {
        conversationItem = new
        {
            text = "Enviar un email a Carol acerca de la presentaciĆ³n de maƱana",
            language = "es",
            id = "1",
            participantId = "1",
        }
    },
    parameters = new
    {
        projectName,
        deploymentName,
        verbose = true,

        // Use Utf16CodeUnit for strings in .NET.
        stringIndexType = "Utf16CodeUnit",
    },
    kind = "Conversation",
};

Response response = client.AnalyzeConversation(RequestContent.Create(data));

Analyze a conversation using an orchestration project

To analyze a conversation using an orchestration project, you can call the AnalyzeConversation() method just like the conversation project.

string projectName = "DomainOrchestrator";
string deploymentName = "production";

var data = new
{
    analysisInput = new
    {
        conversationItem = new
        {
            text = "How are you?",
            id = "1",
            participantId = "1",
        }
    },
    parameters = new
    {
        projectName,
        deploymentName,

        // Use Utf16CodeUnit for strings in .NET.
        stringIndexType = "Utf16CodeUnit",
    },
    kind = "Conversation",
};

Response response = client.AnalyzeConversation(RequestContent.Create(data));

using JsonDocument result = JsonDocument.Parse(response.ContentStream);
JsonElement conversationalTaskResult = result.RootElement;
JsonElement orchestrationPrediction = conversationalTaskResult.GetProperty("result").GetProperty("prediction");

Question Answering prediction

If your conversation was analyzed by Question Answering, it will include an intent - perhaps even the top intent - from which you can retrieve answers:

string respondingProjectName = orchestrationPrediction.GetProperty("topIntent").GetString();
JsonElement targetIntentResult = orchestrationPrediction.GetProperty("intents").GetProperty(respondingProjectName);

if (targetIntentResult.GetProperty("targetProjectKind").GetString() == "QuestionAnswering")
{
    Console.WriteLine($"Top intent: {respondingProjectName}");

    JsonElement questionAnsweringResponse = targetIntentResult.GetProperty("result");
    Console.WriteLine($"Question Answering Response:");
    foreach (JsonElement answer in questionAnsweringResponse.GetProperty("answers").EnumerateArray())
    {
        Console.WriteLine(answer.GetProperty("answer").GetString());
    }
}

Additional samples

Browser our samples for more examples of how to analyze conversations.

Troubleshooting

General

When you interact with the Cognitive Language Services Conversations client library using the .NET SDK, errors returned by the service correspond to the same HTTP status codes returned for REST API requests.

For example, if you submit a utterance to a non-existant project, a 400 error is returned indicating "Bad Request".

try
{
    var data = new
    {
        analysisInput = new
        {
            conversationItem = new
            {
                text = "Send an email to Carol about tomorrow's demo",
                id = "1",
                participantId = "1",
            }
        },
        parameters = new
        {
            projectName = "invalid-project",
            deploymentName = "production",

            // Use Utf16CodeUnit for strings in .NET.
            stringIndexType = "Utf16CodeUnit",
        },
        kind = "Conversation",
    };

    Response response = client.AnalyzeConversation(RequestContent.Create(data));
}
catch (RequestFailedException ex)
{
    Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
}

You will notice that additional information is logged, like the client request ID of the operation.

Azure.RequestFailedException: The input parameter is invalid.
Status: 400 (Bad Request)
ErrorCode: InvalidArgument

Content:
{
  "error": {
    "code": "InvalidArgument",
    "message": "The input parameter is invalid.",
    "innerError": {
      "code": "InvalidArgument",
      "message": "The input parameter \"payload\" cannot be null or empty."
    }
  }
}

Headers:
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
pragma: no-cache
request-id: 0303b4d0-0954-459f-8a3d-1be6819745b5
apim-request-id: 0303b4d0-0954-459f-8a3d-1be6819745b5
x-envoy-upstream-service-time: 15
Strict-Transport-Security: max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains; preload
x-content-type-options: nosniff
Cache-Control: no-store, proxy-revalidate, no-cache, max-age=0, private
Content-Type: application/json

Setting up console logging

The simplest way to see the logs is to enable console logging. To create an Azure SDK log listener that outputs messages to the console use the AzureEventSourceListener.CreateConsoleLogger method.

// Setup a listener to monitor logged events.
using AzureEventSourceListener listener = AzureEventSourceListener.CreateConsoleLogger();

To learn more about other logging mechanisms see here.

Next steps

  • View our samples.
  • Read about the different features of the Conversations service.
  • Try our service demos.

Contributing

See the CONTRIBUTING.md for details on building, testing, and contributing to this library.

This project welcomes contributions and suggestions. Most contributions require you to agree to a Contributor License Agreement (CLA) declaring that you have the right to, and actually do, grant us the rights to use your contribution. For details, visit cla.microsoft.com.

When you submit a pull request, a CLA-bot will automatically determine whether you need to provide a CLA and decorate the PR appropriately (e.g., label, comment). Simply follow the instructions provided by the bot. You will only need to do this once across all repos using our CLA.

This project has adopted the Microsoft Open Source Code of Conduct. For more information see the Code of Conduct FAQ or contact opencode@microsoft.com with any additional questions or comments.