# dotnet pack

This article applies to: ✔️ .NET Core 3.1 SDK and later versions

## Name

dotnet pack - Packs the code into a NuGet package.

## Synopsis

dotnet pack [<PROJECT>|<SOLUTION>] [-c|--configuration <CONFIGURATION>]
[--force] [--include-source] [--include-symbols] [--interactive]
[--no-build] [--no-dependencies] [--no-restore] [--nologo]
[-o|--output <OUTPUT_DIRECTORY>] [--runtime <RUNTIME_IDENTIFIER>]
[-s|--serviceable] [-v|--verbosity <LEVEL>]
[--version-suffix <VERSION_SUFFIX>]

dotnet pack -h|--help


## Description

The dotnet pack command builds the project and creates NuGet packages. The result of this command is a NuGet package (that is, a .nupkg file).

If you want to generate a package that contains the debug symbols, you have two options available:

• --include-symbols - it creates the symbols package.
• --include-source - it creates the symbols package with a src folder inside containing the source files.

NuGet dependencies of the packed project are added to the .nuspec file, so they're properly resolved when the package is installed. If the packed project has references to other projects, the other projects are not included in the package. Currently, you must have a package per project if you have project-to-project dependencies.

By default, dotnet pack builds the project first. If you wish to avoid this behavior, pass the --no-build option. This option is often useful in Continuous Integration (CI) build scenarios where you know the code was previously built.

Note

In some cases, the implicit build cannot be performed. This can occur when GeneratePackageOnBuild is set, to avoid a cyclic dependency between build and pack targets. The build can also fail if there is a locked file or other issue.

You can provide MSBuild properties to the dotnet pack command for the packing process. For more information, see NuGet pack target properties and the MSBuild Command-Line Reference. The Examples section shows how to use the MSBuild -p switch for a couple of different scenarios.

Note

Web projects aren't packable.

### Implicit restore

You don't have to run dotnet restore because it's run implicitly by all commands that require a restore to occur, such as dotnet new, dotnet build, dotnet run, dotnet test, dotnet publish, and dotnet pack. To disable implicit restore, use the --no-restore option.

The dotnet restore command is still useful in certain scenarios where explicitly restoring makes sense, such as continuous integration builds in Azure DevOps Services or in build systems that need to explicitly control when the restore occurs.

For information about how to manage NuGet feeds, see the dotnet restore documentation.

This command supports the dotnet restore options when passed in the long form (for example, --source). Short form options, such as -s, are not supported.

## Arguments

PROJECT | SOLUTION

The project or solution to pack. It's either a path to a csproj, vbproj, or fsproj file, or to a solution file or directory. If not specified, the command searches the current directory for a project or solution file.

## Options

• -c|--configuration <CONFIGURATION>

Defines the build configuration. The default for most projects is Debug, but you can override the build configuration settings in your project.

• --force

Forces all dependencies to be resolved even if the last restore was successful. Specifying this flag is the same as deleting the project.assets.json file.

• -?|-h|--help

Prints out a description of how to use the command.

• --include-source

Includes the debug symbols NuGet packages in addition to the regular NuGet packages in the output directory. The sources files are included in the src folder within the symbols package.

• --include-symbols

Includes the debug symbols NuGet packages in addition to the regular NuGet packages in the output directory.

• --interactive

Allows the command to stop and wait for user input or action. For example, to complete authentication. Available since .NET Core 3.0 SDK.

• --no-build

Doesn't build the project before packing. It also implicitly sets the --no-restore flag.

• --no-dependencies

Ignores project-to-project references and only restores the root project.

• --no-restore

Doesn't execute an implicit restore when running the command.

• --nologo

Doesn't display the startup banner or the copyright message.

• -o|--output <OUTPUT_DIRECTORY>

Places the built packages in the directory specified.

• .NET 7.0.200 SDK

In the 7.0.200 SDK, if you specify the --output option when running this command on a solution, the CLI will emit an error. This is a regression and was fixed in 7.0.201 and later versions of the .NET SDK.

• --runtime <RUNTIME_IDENTIFIER>

Specifies the target runtime to restore packages for. For a list of Runtime Identifiers (RIDs), see the RID catalog.

• -s|--serviceable

Sets the serviceable flag in the package. For more information, see .NET Blog: .NET Framework 4.5.1 Supports Microsoft Security Updates for .NET NuGet Libraries.

• -v|--verbosity <LEVEL>

Sets the verbosity level of the command. Allowed values are q[uiet], m[inimal], n[ormal], d[etailed], and diag[nostic]. For more information, see LoggerVerbosity.

• --version-suffix <VERSION_SUFFIX>

Defines the value for the VersionSuffix MSBuild property. The effect of this property on the package version depends on the values of the Version and VersionPrefix properties, as shown in the following table:

Properties with values Package version
None 1.0.0
Version $(Version) VersionPrefix only $(VersionPrefix)
VersionSuffix only 1.0.0-$(VersionSuffix) VersionPrefix and VersionSuffix $(VersionPrefix)-$(VersionSuffix) If you want to use --version-suffix, specify VersionPrefix and not Version in the project file. For example, if VersionPrefix is 0.1.2 and you pass --version-suffix rc.1 to dotnet pack, the package version will be 0.1.2-rc.1. If Version has a value and you pass --version-suffix to dotnet pack, the value specified for --version-suffix is ignored. ## Examples • Pack the project in the current directory: dotnet pack  • Pack the app1 project: dotnet pack ~/projects/app1/project.csproj  • Pack the project in the current directory and place the resulting packages into the nupkgs folder: dotnet pack --output nupkgs  • Pack the project in the current directory into the nupkgs folder and skip the build step: dotnet pack --no-build --output nupkgs  • With the project's version suffix configured as <VersionSuffix>$(VersionSuffix)</VersionSuffix> in the .csproj file, pack the current project and update the resulting package version with the given suffix:

dotnet pack --version-suffix "ci-1234"

• Set the package version to 2.1.0 with the PackageVersion MSBuild property:

dotnet pack -p:PackageVersion=2.1.0

• Pack the project for a specific target framework:

dotnet pack -p:TargetFrameworks=net45

• Pack the project and use a specific runtime (Windows 10) for the restore operation:

dotnet pack --runtime win10-x64

• Pack the project using a .nuspec file:

dotnet pack ~/projects/app1/project.csproj -p:NuspecFile=~/projects/app1/project.nuspec -p:NuspecBasePath=~/projects/app1/nuget


For information about how to use NuspecFile, NuspecBasePath, and NuspecProperties, see the following resources: