TemplateBinding Markup Extension

Links the value of a property in a control template to be the value of another property on the templated control.

XAML Attribute Usage

<object property="{TemplateBinding sourceProperty}" ... />

XAML Attribute Usage (for Setter property in template or style)

<Setter Property="propertyName" Value="{TemplateBinding sourceProperty}" ... />  

XAML Values

Value Description
propertyName DependencyProperty.Name of the property being set in the setter syntax.
sourceProperty Another dependency property that exists on the type being templated, specified by its DependencyProperty.Name.

- or -

A "dotted-down" property name that is defined by a different type than the target type being templated. This is actually a PropertyPath. See PropertyPath XAML Syntax.


A TemplateBinding is an optimized form of a Binding for template scenarios, analogous to a Binding constructed with {Binding RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}, Mode=OneWay}. A TemplateBinding is always a one-way binding, even if properties involved default to two-way binding. Both properties involved must be dependency properties. In order to achieve two-way binding to a templated parent use the following binding statement instead {Binding RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}, Mode=TwoWay, Path=MyDependencyProperty}.

RelativeSource is another markup extension that is sometimes used in conjunction with or instead of TemplateBinding in order to perform relative property binding within a template.

Describing control templates as a concept is not covered here; for more information, see Control Styles and Templates.

Attribute syntax is the most common syntax used with this markup extension. The string token provided after the TemplateBinding identifier string is assigned as the Property value of the underlying TemplateBindingExtension extension class.

Object element syntax is possible, but it is not shown because it has no realistic application. TemplateBinding is used to fill values within setters, using evaluated expressions, and using object element syntax for TemplateBinding to fill <Setter.Property> property element syntax is unnecessarily verbose.

TemplateBinding can also be used in a verbose attribute usage that specifies the Property property as a property=value pair:

<object property="{TemplateBinding Property=sourceProperty}" ... />

The verbose usage is often useful for extensions that have more than one settable property, or if some properties are optional. Because TemplateBinding has only one settable property, which is required, this verbose usage is not typical.

In the WPF XAML processor implementation, the handling for this markup extension is defined by the TemplateBindingExtension class.

TemplateBinding is a markup extension. Markup extensions are typically implemented when there is a requirement to escape attribute values to be other than literal values or handler names, and the requirement is more global than just putting type converters on certain types or properties. All markup extensions in XAML use the { and } characters in their attribute syntax, which is the convention by which a XAML processor recognizes that a markup extension must process the attribute. For more information, see Markup Extensions and WPF XAML.

See also