<GCHeapCount> element

Specifies the number of heaps/threads to use for server garbage collection.




Attributes and elements

The following sections describe attributes, child elements, and parent elements.


Attribute Description
enabled Required attribute.

Specifies the number of heaps to use for server garbage collection. The actual number of heaps is the minimum of the number of heaps you specify and the number of processors your process is allowed to use.

enabled attribute

Value Description
nn The number of heaps to use for server GC.

Child elements


Parent elements

Element Description
configuration The root element in every configuration file used by the common language runtime and .NET Framework applications.
runtime Contains information about assembly binding and garbage collection.


By default, server GC threads are hard-affinitized with their respective CPU so that there is one GC heap, one server GC thread, and one background server GC thread for each processor. Starting with .NET Framework 4.6.2, you can use the GCHeapCount element to limit the number of heaps used by your application for server GC. Limiting the number of heaps used for server GC is particularly useful for systems that run multiple instances of a server application.

GCHeapCount is typically used along with two other flags:

  • GCNoAffinitize, which controls whether server GC threads/heaps are affinitized with CPUs.

  • GCHeapAffinitizeMask, which controls the affinity of GC threads/heaps with CPUs.

If GCHeapCount is set and GCNoAffinitize is disabled (its default setting), there is an affinity between the nn GC threads/heaps and the first nn processors. You can use the GCHeapAffinitizeMask element to specify which processors are used by the process's server GC heaps. Otherwise, if multiple server processes are running on a system, their processor usage will overlap.

If GCHeapCount is set and GCNoAffinitize is enabled, the garbage collector limits the number of processors used for server GC but does not affinitize GC heaps and processors.


The following example indicates that an application uses server GC with 10 heaps/threads. Since you don't want those heaps to overlap with heaps from other applications running on the system, you use the GCHeapAffinitizeMask to specify that the process should use CPUs 0 through 9.

      <gcServer enabled="true"/>
      <GCHeapCount enabled="10"/>
      <GCHeapAffinitizeMask enabled="1023"/>

The following example does not affinitize server GC threads and limits the number of GC heaps/threads to 10.

      <gcServer enabled="true"/>
      <GCHeapCount enabled="10"/>
      <GCNoAffinitize enabled="true"/>

See also