LINQ to SQL supports three distinct transaction models. The following lists these models in the order of checks performed.
Explicit Local Transaction
It is your responsibility to commit or rollback the transaction after successful execution of the transaction. The connection corresponding to the transaction must match the connection used for constructing the DataContext. An exception is thrown if a different connection is used.
Explicit Distributable Transaction
You can call LINQ to SQL APIs (including but not limited to SubmitChanges) in the scope of an active Transaction. LINQ to SQL detects that the call is in the scope of a transaction and does not create a new transaction. LINQ to SQL also avoids closing the connection in this case. You can perform query and SubmitChanges executions in the context of such a transaction.
When you call SubmitChanges, LINQ to SQL checks to see whether the call is in the scope of a Transaction or if the
Transaction property (
IDbTransaction) is set to a user-started local transaction. If it finds neither transaction, LINQ to SQL starts a local transaction (
IDbTransaction) and uses it to execute the generated SQL commands. When all SQL commands have been successfully completed, LINQ to SQL commits the local transaction and returns.