Host with Service Fabric

Orleans can be hosted on Service Fabric using the Microsoft.Orleans.Hosting.ServiceFabric package. Silos should be hosted as unpartitioned, stateless services since Orleans manages the distribution of grains itself using fine-grained, dynamic distribution. Other hosting options (partitioned, stateful) are currently untested and unsupported.

Hosting support is available in the Microsoft.Orleans.Hosting.ServiceFabric package. It allows an Orleans Silo to run as a Service Fabric ICommunicationListener. The Silo lifecycle follows the typical communication listener lifecycle: it is initialized via the ICommunicationListener.OpenAsync method and is gracefully terminated via the ICommunicationListener.CloseAsync method or abruptly terminated via the ICommunicationListener.Abort method.

Official clustering support is available from various packages including:

  • Microsoft.Orleans.Clustering.AzureStorage
  • Microsoft.Orleans.Clustering.AdoNet
  • Microsoft.Orleans.Clustering.DynamoDB

There are also several third-party packages available for other services such as CosmosDB, Kubernetes, Redis, and Aerospike. More information about cluster management can be found here. This example makes use of the Microsoft.Orleans.Clustering.AzureStorage package to utilize Azure Storage.

OrleansCommunicationListener provides the ICommunicationListener implementation. The recommended approach is to create the communication listener using OrleansServiceListener.CreateStateless in the Orleans.Hosting.ServiceFabric namespace.

Each time the communication listener is opened, the configure delegate passed to CreateStateless is invoked to configure the new Silo.

Example: Configure Service Fabric hosting

The following example demonstrates a Service Fabric StatelessService class that hosts an Orleans silo.

/// <summary>
/// An instance of this class is created for each service instance by the Service Fabric runtime.
/// </summary>
internal sealed class StatelessCalculatorService : StatelessService
    public StatelessCalculatorService(StatelessServiceContext context)
        : base(context)

    /// <summary>
    /// Optional override to create listeners (e.g., TCP, HTTP) for this service replica to handle
    /// client or user requests.
    /// </summary>
    /// <returns>A collection of listeners.</returns>
    protected override IEnumerable<ServiceInstanceListener> CreateServiceInstanceListeners()
        // Listeners can be opened and closed multiple times over the lifetime of a service instance.
        // A new Orleans silo will be both created and initialized each time the listener is opened
        // and will be shutdown when the listener is closed.
        var listener = OrleansServiceListener.CreateStateless(
            (fabricServiceContext, builder) =>
                builder.Configure<ClusterOptions>(options =>
                    // The service id is unique for the entire service over its lifetime. This is
                    // used to identify persistent state such as reminders and grain state.
                    options.ServiceId =

                    // The cluster id identifies a deployed cluster. Since Service Fabric uses rolling
                    // upgrades, the cluster id can be kept constant. This is used to identify which
                    // silos belong to a particular cluster.
                    options.ClusterId = "development";

                // Configure clustering. Other clustering providers are available, but for the purpose
                // of this sample we will use Azure Storage.
                // TODO: Pick a clustering provider and configure it here.
                    options => options.ConnectionString = "UseDevelopmentStorage=true");

                // Optional: configure logging.
                builder.ConfigureLogging(logging => logging.AddDebug());


                // Service Fabric manages port allocations, so update the configuration using those
                // ports.
                // Gather configuration from Service Fabric.
                var activation = fabricServiceContext.CodePackageActivationContext;
                var endpoints = activation.GetEndpoints();

                // These endpoint names correspond to TCP endpoints specified in ServiceManifest.xml
                var siloEndpoint = endpoints["OrleansSiloEndpoint"];
                var gatewayEndpoint = endpoints["OrleansProxyEndpoint"];
                var hostname = fabricServiceContext.NodeContext.IPAddressOrFQDN;
                    hostname, siloEndpoint.Port, gatewayEndpoint.Port);

                // Add your application assemblies.
                builder.ConfigureApplicationParts(parts =>

                    // Alternative: add all loadable assemblies in the current base path
                    // (see AppDomain.BaseDirectory).

        return new[] { listener };

    /// <summary>
    /// This is the main entry point for your service instance.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="cancellationToken">
    /// Canceled when Service Fabric needs to shut down this service instance.
    /// </param>
    protected override async Task RunAsync(
        CancellationToken cancellationToken)
        while (true)
            await Task.Delay(
                TimeSpan.FromSeconds(10), cancellationToken);