How to: Extract a Protocol and Port Number from a URL

The following example extracts a protocol and port number from a URL.


When using System.Text.RegularExpressions to process untrusted input, pass a timeout. A malicious user can provide input to RegularExpressions, causing a Denial-of-Service attack. ASP.NET Core framework APIs that use RegularExpressions pass a timeout.


The example uses the Match.Result method to return the protocol followed by a colon followed by the port number.

using System;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;

public class Example
   public static void Main()
      string url = "";

      Regex r = new Regex(@"^(?<proto>\w+)://[^/]+?(?<port>:\d+)?/",
                          RegexOptions.None, TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(150));
      Match m = r.Match(url);
      if (m.Success)
// The example displays the following output:
//       http:8080
Imports System.Text.RegularExpressions

Module Example
    Public Sub Main()
        Dim url As String = ""
        Dim r As New Regex("^(?<proto>\w+)://[^/]+?(?<port>:\d+)?/",
                           RegexOptions.None, TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(150))

        Dim m As Match = r.Match(url)
        If m.Success Then
        End If
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       http:8080

The regular expression pattern ^(?<proto>\w+)://[^/]+?(?<port>:\d+)?/ can be interpreted as shown in the following table.

Pattern Description
^ Begin the match at the start of the string.
(?<proto>\w+) Match one or more word characters. Name this group proto.
:// Match a colon followed by two slash marks.
[^/]+? Match one or more occurrences (but as few as possible) of any character other than a slash mark.
(?<port>:\d+)? Match zero or one occurrence of a colon followed by one or more digit characters. Name this group port.
/ Match a slash mark.

The Match.Result method expands the ${proto}${port} replacement sequence, which concatenates the value of the two named groups captured in the regular expression pattern. It is a convenient alternative to explicitly concatenating the strings retrieved from the collection object returned by the Match.Groups property.

The example uses the Match.Result method with two substitutions, ${proto} and ${port}, to include the captured groups in the output string. You can retrieve the captured groups from the match's GroupCollection object instead, as the following code shows.

Console.WriteLine(m.Groups["proto"].Value + m.Groups["port"].Value);
Console.WriteLine(m.Groups("proto").Value + m.Groups("port").Value)

See also