Structure Variables (Visual Basic)
Once you have created a structure, you can declare procedure-level and module-level variables as that type. For example, you can create a structure that records information about a computer system. The following example demonstrates this.
Public Structure systemInfo Public cPU As String Public memory As Long Public purchaseDate As Date End Structure
You can now declare variables of that type. The following declaration illustrates this.
Dim mySystem, yourSystem As systemInfo
Access to Structure Values
To assign and retrieve values from the elements of a structure variable, you use the same syntax as you use to set and get properties on an object. You place the member access operator (
.) between the structure variable name and the element name. The following example accesses elements of the variables previously declared as type
mySystem.cPU = "486" Dim tooOld As Boolean If yourSystem.purchaseDate < #1/1/1992# Then tooOld = True
Assigning Structure Variables
You can also assign one variable to another if both are of the same structure type. This copies all the elements of one structure to the corresponding elements in the other. The following declaration illustrates this.
yourSystem = mySystem
If a structure element is a reference type, such as a
Object, or array, the pointer to the data is copied. In the previous example, if
systemInfo had included an object variable, then the preceding example would have copied the pointer from
yourSystem, and a change to the object's data through one structure would be in effect when accessed through the other structure.