Authenticating Business Central Users with Azure Active Directory
Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) is a cloud service that provides identity and access capabilities for applications. The applications can be cloud-based, like on Microsoft Azure and Microsoft 365, and installed on-premises, like Business Central.
The article describes the tasks involved in setting up Azure AD authentication for authenticating Business Central users.
Azure AD and Business Central
With Azure AD authentication, you store user accounts and credentials in an Azure AD tenant. You then associate Business Central user accounts with the Azure AD tenant user account. Once in place, users access Business Central by using their Azure AD account.
Azure AD authentication enables Business Central to integrate with various applications and services, through a single sign-on experience. It's the required authentication method for some features offered by Business Central, such as:
- Excel add-in
- Excel financial reports
- Outlook add-in
- Cover sheets for contact management
- Power BI reports and charts
- Power Automate Management
- Service-to-Service authentication with Automation APIs
Moving from WS-Federation to OpenID Connect
APPLIES TO: Business Central 2022 release wave 1 and later
Starting with 2022 release wave 1 (version 20), Business Central supports the OpenID Connect (OIDC) protocol for Azure AD authentication. In previous releases, Azure AD authentication in Business Central used WS-Federation (Web Services Federation Language). OpenID Connect is a modern protocol that's built on OAuth 2.0 and has a standard authentication library. For more information about OpenID Connect, see Microsoft identity platform and OpenID Connect protocol.
With the introduction of OpenID Connect, WS-Federation support in Business Central has been deprecated. It will be removed in a later release. Until it's removed, you can continue to use Azure AD authentication with WS-Federation, but we recommend using OpenID Connect.
For the complete setup of Azure AD with OpenID Connect, see Configure Azure AD Authentication with OpenID Connect.
Business Central version 19 and earlier still only support WS-Federation. If you're setting up one of these version, see Configure Azure AD Authentication with WS-Federation.
Switch an existing configuration from WS-Federation to OpenID Connect
The complete setup for OpenID Connect isn't much different than it is for WS-Federation. The following steps outline the modifications you have to make to an existing deployment to go from WS-Federation to OpenID connect.
In Azure Active Directory, enable ID tokens on the registered application for Business Central authentication. You do this change from the Azure portal.
In Business Central:
Configure the Business Central Server instance to include the
ValidAudiencesparameter set to the application ID assigned to the registered application in Azure AD.
Set-NAVServerConfiguration -ServerInstance <BC server instance name> -KeyName ValidAudiences -KeyValue "<application ID>"
Configure the Business Central Web Server to include the
AadApplicationIdto the application ID assigned to the registered application in Azure AD. Set
Set-NAVWebServerInstanceConfiguration -KeyName AadApplicationId -KeyValue "<Azure_AD_Application_ID>" Set-NAVWebServerInstanceConfiguration -KeyName AadAuthorityUri -KeyValue "https://login.microsoftonline.com/<Azure_AD_Tenant_ID>"
For the complete setup with more details, see Configure Azure AD Authentication with OpenID Connect.
Configure legacy WS-Federation in version 20
Whether setting up a new version 20 deployment or upgrading a version 19 or earlier, you can still set up the Azure AD authentication use WS-Federation for now. The full setup is the same as in earlier versions, except the Business Central Web Server now includes a setting named
UseLegacyAcsAuthentication that you set to
For example, using the Business Central Administration Shell, you run the following command:
Set-NAVWebServerInstanceConfiguration -KeyName UseLegacyAcsAuthentication -KeyValue "true"
For the complete setup, see Configure Azure AD Authentication with WS-Federation.
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