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Applies to:

  • Microsoft Defender XDR

The FileProfile() function is an enrichment function in advanced hunting that adds the following data to files found by the query.

Column Data type Description
SHA1 string SHA-1 of the file that the recorded action was applied to
SHA256 string SHA-256 of the file that the recorded action was applied to
MD5 string MD5 hash of the file that the recorded action was applied to
FileSize int Size of the file in bytes
GlobalPrevalence int Number of instances of the entity observed by Microsoft globally
GlobalFirstSeen datetime Date and time when the entity was first observed by Microsoft globally
GlobalLastSeen datetime Date and time when the entity was last observed by Microsoft globally
Signer string Information about the signer of the file
Issuer string Information about the issuing certificate authority (CA)
SignerHash string Unique hash value identifying the signer
IsCertificateValid boolean Whether the certificate used to sign the file is valid
IsRootSignerMicrosoft boolean Indicates whether the signer of the root certificate is Microsoft and the file is built in to Windows OS
SignatureState string State of the file signature: SignedValid - the file is signed with a valid signature, SignedInvalid - the file is signed but the certificate is invalid, Unsigned - the file isn't signed, Unknown - information about the file can't be retrieved
IsExecutable boolean Whether the file is a Portable Executable (PE) file
ThreatName string Detection name for any malware or other threats found
Publisher string Name of the organization that published the file
SoftwareName string Name of the software product
ProfileAvailability string Indicates the availability status of the profile data for the file: Available - profile was successfully queried and file data returned, Missing - profile was successfully queried but no file info was found, Error - error in querying the file info or maximum allotted time was exceeded before query could be completed, or an empty value - if file ID is invalid or the maximum number of files was reached


invoke FileProfile(x,y)


  • x—file ID column to use: SHA1, SHA256, InitiatingProcessSHA1, or InitiatingProcessSHA256; function uses SHA1 if unspecified
  • y—limit to the number of records to enrich, 1-1000; function uses 100 if unspecified


Enrichment functions will show supplemental information only when they are available. Availability of information is varied and depends on a lot of factors. Make sure to consider this when using FileProfile() in your queries or in creating custom detections. For best results, we recommend using the FileProfile() function with SHA1.


Project only the SHA1 column and enrich it

| where isnotempty(SHA1) and Timestamp > ago(1d)
| take 10
| project SHA1
| invoke FileProfile()

Enrich the first 500 records and list low-prevalence files

| where ActionType == "FileCreated" and Timestamp > ago(1d)
| project CreatedOn = Timestamp, FileName, FolderPath, SHA1
| invoke FileProfile("SHA1", 500) 
| where GlobalPrevalence < 15


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