Application.CurrentDb method (Access)

The CurrentDb method returns an object variable of type Database that represents the database currently open in the Microsoft Access window.



expression A variable that represents an Application object.

Return value




In Microsoft Access the CurrentDb method establishes a hidden reference to the Microsoft Office 12.0 Access Connectivity Engine object library in a Microsoft Access database.

To manipulate the structure of your database and its data from Visual Basic, you must use Data Access Objects (DAO). The CurrentDb method provides a way to access the current database from Visual Basic code without having to know the name of the database. After you have a variable that points to the current database, you can also access and manipulate other objects and collections in the DAO hierarchy.

Use the CurrentDb method to create multiple object variables that refer to the current database. In the following example, the variables dbsA and dbsB both refer to the current database:

Dim dbsA As Database, dbsB As Database 
Set dbsA = CurrentDb 
Set dbsB = CurrentDb


In previous versions of Microsoft Access, you may have used the syntax DBEngine.Workspaces(0).Databases(0)or DBEngine(0)(0)to return a pointer to the current database. In Microsoft Access 2000 and later, you should use the CurrentDb method instead. The CurrentDb method creates another instance of the current database, while the DBEngine(0)(0)syntax refers to the open copy of the current database. The CurrentDb method enables you to create more than one variable of type Database that refers to the current database. Microsoft Access still supports the DBEngine(0)(0)syntax, but you should consider making this modification to your code in order to avoid possible conflicts in a multiuser database.

If you need to work with another database at the same time that the current database is open in the Microsoft Access window, use the OpenDatabase method of a Workspace object. The OpenDatabase method doesn't actually open the second database in the Microsoft Access window; it simply returns a Database variable representing the second database. The following example returns a pointer to the current database and to a database called Contacts.mdb:

Dim dbsCurrent As Database, dbsContacts As Database 
Set dbsCurrent = CurrentDb 
Set dbsContacts = DBEngine.Workspaces(0).OpenDatabase("Contacts.mdb")

Support and feedback

Have questions or feedback about Office VBA or this documentation? Please see Office VBA support and feedback for guidance about the ways you can receive support and provide feedback.