QueryTables.Add method (Excel)

Creates a new query table.


expression.Add (Connection, Destination, Sql)

expression A variable that represents a QueryTables object.


Name Required/Optional Data type Description
Connection Required Variant The data source for the query table. Can be one of the following:
  • A string containing an OLE DB or ODBC connection string. The ODBC connection string has the form ODBC;<connection string>.
  • A QueryTable object from which the query information is initially copied, including the connection string and the SQL text, but not including the Destination range. Specifying a QueryTable object causes the Sql argument to be ignored.
  • An ADO or DAO Recordset object. Data is read from the ADO or DAO recordset. Microsoft Excel retains the recordset until the query table is deleted or the connection is changed. The resulting query table cannot be edited.
  • A web query. A string in the form URL;<url> where URL; is required but not localized and the rest of the string is used for the URL of the web query.
  • Data Finder. A string in the form FINDER;<data finder file path> where FINDER; is required but not localized. The rest of the string is the path and file name of a Data Finder file (*.dqy or *.iqy). The file is read when the Add method is run; subsequent calls to the Connection property of the query table will return strings beginning with ODBC; or URL; as appropriate.
  • A text file. A string in the form TEXT;<text file path and name> where TEXT; is required but not localized.
Destination Required Range The cell in the upper-left corner of the query table destination range (the range where the resulting query table will be placed). The destination range must be on the worksheet that contains the QueryTables object specified by expression.
Sql Optional Variant The SQL query string to be run on the ODBC data source. This argument is optional when you are using an ODBC data source (if you don't specify it here, you should set it by using the Sql property of the query table before the table is refreshed). You cannot use this argument when a QueryTable object, text file, or ADO or DAO Recordset object is specified as the data source.

Return value

A QueryTable object that represents the new query table.


A query created by this method isn't run until the Refresh method is called.


This example creates a query table based on an ADO recordset. The example preserves the existing column sorting and filtering settings and layout information for backward compatibility.

Dim cnnConnect As ADODB.Connection 
Dim rstRecordset As ADODB.Recordset 
Set cnnConnect = New ADODB.Connection 
cnnConnect.Open "Provider=SQLOLEDB;" & _ 
    "Data Source=srvdata;" & _ 
    "User ID=testac;Password=4me2no;" 
Set rstRecordset = New ADODB.Recordset 
rstRecordset.Open _ 
    Source:="Select Name, Quantity, Price From Products", _ 
    ActiveConnection:=cnnConnect, _ 
    CursorType:=adOpenDynamic, _ 
    LockType:=adLockReadOnly, _ 
With ActiveSheet.QueryTables.Add( _ 
        Connection:=rstRecordset, _ 
    .Name = "Contact List" 
    .FieldNames = True 
    .RowNumbers = False 
    .FillAdjacentFormulas = False 
    .PreserveFormatting = True 
    .RefreshOnFileOpen = False 
    .BackgroundQuery = True 
    .RefreshStyle = xlInsertDeleteCells 
    .SavePassword = True 
    .SaveData = True 
    .AdjustColumnWidth = True 
    .RefreshPeriod = 0 
    .PreserveColumnInfo = True 
    .Refresh BackgroundQuery:=False 
End With

This example imports a fixed width text file into a new query table. The first column in the text file is five characters wide and is imported as text. The second column is four characters wide and is skipped. The remainder of the text file is imported into the third column and has the General format applied to it.

Set shFirstQtr = Workbooks(1).Worksheets(1) 
Set qtQtrResults = shFirstQtr.QueryTables.Add( _ 
    Connection := "TEXT;C:\My Documents\19980331.txt", 
    Destination := shFirstQtr.Cells(1,1)) 
With qtQtrResults 
    .TextFileParsingType = xlFixedWidth 
    .TextFileFixedColumnWidths := Array(5,4) 
    .TextFileColumnDataTypes := _ 
        Array(xlTextFormat, xlSkipColumn, xlGeneralFormat) 
End With

This example creates a new query table on the active worksheet.

sqlstring = "select 96Sales.totals from 96Sales where profit < 5" 
connstring = _ 
With ActiveSheet.QueryTables.Add(Connection:=connstring, _ 
        Destination:=Range("B1"), Sql:=sqlstring) 
End With

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