Option Base statement

Used at the module level to declare the default lower bound for array subscripts.


Option Base { 0 | 1 }


Because the default base is 0, the Option Base statement is never required. If used, the statement must appear in a module before any procedures. Option Base can appear only once in a module and must precede array declarations that include dimensions.


The To clause in the Dim, Private, Public, ReDim, and Static statements provides a more flexible way to control the range of an array's subscripts. However, if you don't explicitly set the lower bound with a To clause, you can use Option Base to change the default lower bound to 1. The base of an array created with the ParamArray keyword is zero; Option Base does not affect ParamArray (or the Array function, when qualified with the name of its type library, for example VBA.Array).

The Option Base statement only affects the lower bound of arrays in the module where the statement is located.


This example uses the Option Base statement to override the default base array subscript value of 0. The LBound function returns the smallest available subscript for the indicated dimension of an array. The Option Base statement is used at the module level only.

Option Base 1 ' Set default array subscripts to 1. 
Dim Lower 
Dim MyArray(20), TwoDArray(3, 4) ' Declare array variables. 
Dim ZeroArray(0 To 5) ' Override default base subscript. 
' Use LBound function to test lower bounds of arrays. 
Lower = LBound(MyArray) ' Returns 1. 
Lower = LBound(TwoDArray, 2) ' Returns 1. 
Lower = LBound(ZeroArray) ' Returns 0. 

See also

Support and feedback

Have questions or feedback about Office VBA or this documentation? Please see Office VBA support and feedback for guidance about the ways you can receive support and provide feedback.