Use personal gateways in Power BI


We've split the on-premises data gateway docs into content that's specific to Power BI and general content that applies to all services that the gateway supports. You're currently in the Power BI content. To provide feedback on this article, or the overall gateway docs experience, scroll to the bottom of the article.

The on-premises data gateway (personal mode) is a version of the on-premises data gateway that works only with Power BI. You can use a personal gateway to install a gateway on your own computer and gain access to on-premises data.


You can have only one personal mode gateway running for each Power BI user. If you install another personal mode gateway for the same user, even on a different computer, the most recent installation replaces the existing previous installation.

On-premises data gateway vs. on-premises data gateway (personal mode)

The following table describes differences between an on-premises data gateway and an on-premises data gateway (personal mode).

On-premises data gateway On-premises data gateway (personal mode)
Cloud services supported Power BI, PowerApps, Azure Logic Apps, Power Automate, Azure Analysis Services, dataflows None
Runs As configured by users who have access to the gateway As you for Windows authentication and as configured by you for other authentication types
Can install only as computer admin Yes No
Centralized gateway and data source management Yes No
Import data and schedule refresh Yes Yes
DirectQuery support Yes No
LiveConnect support for Analysis Services Yes No

Install the on-premises data gateway (personal mode)

To install the on-premises data gateway (personal mode):

  1. Download the on-premises data gateway.

  2. In the installer, select the on-premises data gateway (personal mode), and then select Next.

    Select the on-premises data gateway (personal mode)

The gateway files are installed in "%localappdata%\Microsoft\On-premises data gateway (personal mode). After the installation finishes successfully and you sign in, you see the following screen.

On-premises data gateway (personal mode) succeeded

Use Fast Combine with the personal gateway

Fast Combine on a personal gateway helps you ignore specified privacy levels while executing queries. To enable Fast Combine to work with the on-premises data gateway (personal mode):

  1. Using File Explorer, open the following file:

    %localappdata%\Microsoft\On-premises data gateway (personal mode)\Microsoft.PowerBI.DataMovement.Pipeline.GatewayCore.dll.config

  2. At the bottom of the file, before </Microsoft.PowerBI.DataMovement.Pipeline.GatewayCore.GatewayCoreSettings> add the following text:

    <setting name="EnableFastCombine" serializeAs="String">
  3. After it finishes, the setting takes effect in approximately one minute. To check that it's working properly, try an on-demand refresh in the Power BI service to confirm that Fast Combine is working.

Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

Question: Can I run the on-premises data gateway (personal mode) side by side with the on-premises data gateway (previously known as the Enterprise version of the gateway)?

Answer: Yes, both gateways can run simultaneously.

Question: Can I run the on-premises data gateway (personal mode) as a service?

Answer: No. The on-premises data gateway (personal mode) can run only as an application. If you need to run the gateway as a service or in admin mode, you need to consider the on-premises data gateway (previously known as the Enterprise gateway).

Question: How often is the on-premises data gateway (personal mode) updated?

Answer: We plan to update the personal gateway monthly.

Question: Why am I asked to update my credentials?

Answer: Many situations can trigger a request for credentials. The most common is that you've reinstalled the on-premises data gateway (personal mode) on a different machine than your Power BI - personal gateway. It could also be an issue in the data source, and Power BI failed to perform a test connection, or a timeout or a system error occurred. To update your credentials in the Power BI service, select the gear icon and select Settings > Datasets. Find the dataset in question, and select Data source credentials.

Question: How long will my previous personal gateway be offline during the upgrade?

Answer: Upgrading the personal gateway to the new version takes only few minutes.

Question: I'm using R and Python scripts. Are they supported?

Answer: R and Python scripts are supported for personal mode.‚Äč

Next steps

More questions? Try the Power BI Community.