Deploy packages using Package Deployer and Windows PowerShell

Microsoft Dynamics CRM Package Deployer enables administrators to deploy packages to an environment.


Package deployer also works with Dynamics 365 Customer Engagement (on-premises) organizations.

A “package” can consist of any or all of the following:

  • One or more Dataverse solution files.

  • Flat files or exported data files from the Configuration Migration tool. For information about the Configuration Migration tool, see Manage your configuration data.

  • Custom code that can run during or after the package is deployed to an environment.

  • HTML content specific to the package that can display at the beginning and end of the package deployment process. This can be useful to provide a description of the solutions and files that are deployed in the package.

    Developers create packages by using the package deployment template in Visual Studio. More information: Create packages for Package Deployer

    After a package is created, you can deploy it either by running CRM Package Deployer or by using Windows PowerShell cmdlets for the tool.


Before you import and run a package in a production organization, test the package on a non-production mirror image of the production organization.

Always back up the production organization before you deploy a package.

Deploying packages using the Package Deployer tool

You can use the Package Deployer tool (packagedeployer.exe) to deploy packages in the following ways.

Use CRM Package Deployer tool to deploy packages

Use CRM Package Deployer tool at the command line

Use Package Deployer tool to deploy packages

The Package Deployer tool can only process one package at a time. However, it provides users with the ability to select a package to deploy from multiple packages available in the Package Deployer tool directory. Some of the screens and actions in the tool differ based on the package definition. You do not have to install the Package Deployer tool. Just download and run it.

  1. Obtain the package to be deployed. A package is a collection of files and folders that is created in your Visual studio project folder (<Project>\Bin\Debug) when you build your package project in Visual Studio. Copy the following from your project debug folder:

    • <PackageName> folder: This folder contains the solutions, import configuration, and the contents for your package.

    • <PackageName>.dll: The assembly contains the code for your package. By default, the name of the assembly is the same as your Visual Studio project name.

      For detailed information about creating a package by using Visual Studio, see Create a package for the Package Deployer tool.

      For this topic, let us assume that the package folder and assembly from the Visual Studio project debug folder (<Project>\Bin\Debug) are copied to the c:\DeployPackage folder.

  2. Obtain the Package Deployer tool. The Package Deployer tool is available as a NuGet package. To use the Package Deployer, you must download and extract it to your local computer using nuget.exe.

    Download nuget.exe from, and save it to your computer, say d:\. Then run the following command at the command prompt to extract the package contents to a folder, say PD, on your computer:
    d:\nuget install Microsoft.CrmSdk.XrmTooling.PackageDeployment.Wpf -Version [VERSION] -O d:\PD

    After you have extracted the Package Deployer tool, browse to the [ExtractedLocation]\tools folder to find the PackageDeployer.exe file.

  3. Copy the package folder and assembly from the c:\DeployPackage to the [ExtractedLocation]\tools folder.

  4. After the files are copied, run the tool by double-clicking the PackageDeployer.exe file in the [ExtractedLocation]\tools folder.

  5. Click Continue on the main screen of the tool.

  6. In the Connect to Microsoft Dynamics 365 for Customer Engagement screen, provide authentication details to connect to your Dynamics 365 server where you want to deploy the package. If you have multiple organizations, and want to select the organization where you want to deploy the package, select the Always display list of available orgs check box. Click Login.

  7. If you have multiple organizations on your Dynamics 365 server, select a Dynamics 365 apps organization to connect to.

  8. Select the package to be deployed, and click Next.

    Select your package in the Package Deployer Tool.

  9. Follow the instructions on the subsequent screens to complete the deployment of your package.

    The screens appear based on the definition of the package that you selected for deployment. For an end-to-end package deployment that uses the Package Deployer tool, see the topic for the deployment of Unified Service Desk packages: Deploy sample Unified Service Desk applications to CRM Server using Package Deployer

Use Package Deployer tool at the command line

System administrators and customizers can pass parameters, such as a regional language code, to packagedeployer.exe from the command line. These parameters may only be configured by running Package Deployer tool at the command line.


This feature was first introduced in Dynamics CRM Online 2016 Update 0.1.

Available parameters are in this table.

Parameter Description Default Value
RuntimePackageSettings Instructs packagedeployer.exe to accept command line parameters such as LCID and SkipChecks. Not applicable
LCID=localeID Specifies the locale ID, such as 1033 for English-United States or 1036 for French-France, from the available locale IDs in the package. If not specified, the default language will be used. Use the default language
SkipChecks=true/false Use this parameter only when the target environment does not contain any other solutions or customizations. When set to true, solution import will bypass some safety checks, which can improve performance of the import. False

The following example instructs CRM Package Deployer to bypass some safety checks and sets the language to import as Polish.

packagedeployer.exe /Settings:"SkipChecks=true|lcid=1045"


Use the pipe character | to separate parameters when you run packagedeployer.exe at the command line with multiple parameters.

For more information about the parameters and values that can be passed to packagedeployer.exe, see Create packages for the CRM Package Deployer.

Use Windows PowerShell to deploy packages

The Package Deployer tool also provides Windows PowerShell support to deploy packages. More information: Get started using the package deployment module

Troubleshoot package deployment issues by using log files

The Package Deployer tool provides logging support to get detailed information about errors that can occur when someone signs in to the Microsoft Dynamics 365 for Customer Engagement instance using the tool and deploying packages. By default, the tool generates three log files that are available at the following location on the computer where you run the tool: c:\Users\<UserName>\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Microsoft Dynamics CRM Package Deployer\<Version>. To specify a different folder, use the -LogWriteDirectory PowerShell cmdlet parameter. More information: Use the cmdlet to retrieve packages

  • Login_ErrorLog.log: Provides information about the issues that occurred when you use the tool to sign in to the Dynamics 365 instance. If there are any issues during sign in, a message appears on the tool’s login screen with a link to this log file. The message states that an error occurred while processing the login request and the user can view the error log. You can click the link in the message to view this log file. The log file is created the first time you encounter any sign-in issues in the tool. Thereafter, the log file is used to log information about a sign-in issue, whenever it occurs.

  • PackageDeployer.log: Provides detailed information about each task performed in the tool during the deployment of the packages. You can view the log file from the tool by clicking the View Log File link at the bottom of the screen.

  • ComplexImportDetail.log: Provides detailed information about the data imported in the last deployment by using the tool. Each time you deploy a package using this tool, the existing details from the log file are moved to a file called ComplexImportDetail._old.log in the same directory, and the ComplexImportDetail.log file displays information about the latest import done using the tool.

Best practices for deploying packages

While deploying packages, Dynamics 365 administrators must:

  • Insist on a signed package assembly so that they can track an assembly back to its source.

  • Test the package on a pre-production instance (preferably a mirror image of the Production instance) before running it on a production server.

  • Back up the Production instance before deploying a package.

See also

Create packages for the CRM Package Deployer