About multiple online environments or tenants
The customer engagement apps (Dynamics 365 Sales, Dynamics 365 Customer Service, Dynamics 365 Field Service, Dynamics 365 Marketing), gives you options for segregating your data and user access. For most companies, adding and using multiple Power Platform environments provides the right mix of functionality and ease of management. Enterprises with separate entities that may want to separate directory and licenses might consider using multiple tenants. Multiple environments can be accessed by all users in the tenant. Multiple tenants need to invite other tenant users as guest users to give them access.
Uses for multiple environments
Environments are similar in concept to a high-rise business complex with floors organized according to business functions. Consider each floor within the building as an application (Sales/Service/Marketing, Vendor management, Wealth management) and consider each unit within a floor as an environment for a specific purpose such as production, Training, Testing, and Development.
Multiple environments are needed when segregation is required of data, plugins, workflows, or admin resources that cannot be easily isolated by using business units.
A multi-environment deployment
A typical customer has only one tenant. A tenant can include one or more environments; however, an environment is always associated with a single tenant.
This example uses two environments for three teams: Sales, Marketing, and Services.
Sales and Marketing share an environment so lead information can be easily accessed by both. Services has its own environment so tickets and warranties can be managed separately from campaigns and other sales related events.
You can provide access to one or both environments easily. Sales and Marketing users could be limited to their environment while Service users with extended access could update support escalations records related to accounts in both environments.
About single tenant with multiple environments:
Each environment within the tenant receives its own SQL database.
Data is not shared across environments.
See Microsoft Dataverse storage capacity for how storage is shared across environments.
Environments in a single tenant are by default created in the geography where they initially signed up for their account. Additionally, creator of the environment can choose to create the environment in a different geography; allowed geographies will be displayed for the user to choose. In certain circumstances users will need to able to see or select all geographies supported by power platform.
Storage consumption is totaled and tracked across all the environments attached to a customer tenant.
You can set up separate security groups for environments if you want to control who can see and access an environment.
A licensed user can potentially access all the environments associated with the tenant. Access is controlled by environment security group membership.
Why use multiple environments?
The following are common use cases for multi-environment deployment. Consider these examples when you decide the deployment type that best fits your company's requirements.
Master data management
In this scenario, a "master" data set provides for change management through a central master data source. This approach requires that the central master data be synchronized to all environments so that each environment has access to the latest version of the core information. Requested changes to the information can be made directly within the master system. Alternatively, users can explicitly access the master system or capture the changes in the local environment, with those changes subsequently passed on to the master environment.
Requiring that changes be made centrally can provide for centralized change control. For example, anti-fraud checks can be performed to ensure that changes are made only by a central team and not by local teams that might otherwise benefit from a change, such as a change in credit limits. This would provide a second level of change authorization and verification that avoids the ability for a single person or a group of people who work closely together to collaborate to affect a fraud. Pushing a request to a different, independent team can provide protection against potential fraud.
Security and privacy
Differences in regional, for example European Union (EU), or national legislation can result in variations in requirements for securing data or maintaining data privacy across the different regions or countries in a deployment. In some cases, legislative/regulatory restrictions make it illegal to host data outside the borders of a country or region, and addressing this challenge is particularly critical in specific business sectors.
For example, consider healthcare sector restrictions on sharing patient information. Some EU regulations require that any health information that is collected about people residing in the EU be maintained and shared only within EU boundaries, while similar data collected about people in the United States (US) is kept within US boundaries. Also consider banking sector restrictions on sharing customer information. In Switzerland, for example, regulations make it illegal to share customer information outside of their national boundaries.
While a single environment can scale up and out to support the growth of a customer's business, with very high data volumes or levels of complexity, there are additional considerations. For example, in environments with extreme volumes and/or extensive use of Service Scheduling, scaling up SQL Server can require complicated and expensive infrastructure that is prohibitively expensive or extremely difficult to manage.
There are many scenarios in which there is a natural functional split in capability requirements. In such cases, delegating workloads by creating scale-out scenarios that are based on these functional splits can provide for higher volumes by using commodity infrastructure.
Add an environment to your subscription
For information about how to add an environment to your tenant, see Create and manage environments.
A multi-tenant deployment
Global businesses with regional or country models that differ can use tenants to account for variations in approach, market size, or compliance with legal and regulatory constraints.
This example includes a second tenant for Contoso Japan.
User accounts, identities, security groups, subscriptions, licenses, and storage cannot be shared among tenants. All tenants can have multiple environments associated with each specific tenant. Data is not shared across environments or tenants.
About multiple tenants:
In a multi-tenant scenario, a licensed user associated with a tenant can only access one or more environments mapped to the same tenant. To access another tenant a user needs to be invited as a guest user and may need a separate license assigned.
Each tenant will require Microsoft Power Platform admin(s) with unique sign-in credentials, and each tenant affiliate will manage its tenant separately in the administrator console.
Multiple environments within a tenant are visible from the interface if the administrator has access.
You cannot reassign licenses between tenant enrollments. An enrolled affiliate can use license reduction under one enrollment and add licenses to another enrollment to facilitate this.
On-premises Active Directory federation cannot be established with more than one tenant unless you have top-level domains that you need to federate with different tenants (for example Contoso.com and Fabricam.com).
Why use multiple tenants?
This scenario typically arises in organizations with overlapping but separate functional needs. Some common examples include:
Organizations with different business divisions, each with a different market or model of operation.
Global businesses with regional or country models that differ to account for variations in approach, market size, or compliance with legal and regulatory constraints.
In these types of business environments, an organization often will have common sets of functionality that allow specific regions, countries, or business areas with a degree of localization regarding:
Information capture. For example, capturing the ZIP Code in the United States would correlate to capturing the Post Code in the United Kingdom.
For business solutions that must support users that are physically distributed over large distances, particularly for global deployments, using a single environment may not be suitable because of the implications (such as WAN latency) associated with the infrastructure over which the users connect, which can significantly impact the user experience. Distributing environments to provide users with more local access can reduce or overcome WAN-related issues, as the access occurs over shorter network connections.
Add a multi-tenant deployment under volume licensing
For a multi-tenant deployment, you'll need a Multi-Tenant Amendment. A Multi-Tenant Amendment is an actual amendment to the Volume License agreement used to purchase licenses. Contact your Microsoft Sales Representative or Reseller to obtain the amendment.
Constraints of multi-tenants
Admins who want to deploy and manage multiple tenants should be aware of the following:
User accounts, identities, security groups, subscriptions, licenses, and storage cannot be shared among tenants.
A single domain can only be federated with one tenant.
Each tenant must have its own namespace; UPN or SMTP namespaces cannot be shared across tenants.
If an on-premises Exchange organization exists, you cannot split this organization across multiple tenants.
A consolidated Global Address List will not be available, except if explicitly managed downstream from the synchronization.
Cross-tenant collaboration will be limited to Lync Federation and Exchange Federation features.
SharePoint access across tenants may not be possible. While this may be solved with Partner Access, the user experience is disrupted and licensing aspects apply.
There can be no duplicate accounts across the tenants or partitions in the on-premises Active Directory.