New-WinEvent

Creates a new Windows event for the specified event provider.

Syntax

New-WinEvent
   [-ProviderName] <String>
   [-Id] <Int32>
   [-Version <Byte>]
   [[-Payload] <Object[]>]
   [<CommonParameters>]

Description

This cmdlet is only available on the Windows platform.

The New-WinEvent cmdlet creates an Event Tracing for Windows (ETW) event for an event provider. You can use this cmdlet to add events to ETW channels from PowerShell.

Examples

Example 1 - Create a new event

New-WinEvent -ProviderName Microsoft-Windows-PowerShell -Id 45090 -Payload @("Workflow", "Running")

This command uses the New-WinEvent cmdlet to create event 45090 for the Microsoft-Windows-PowerShell provider.

Example 2 - Get the template for an event

In this example, Get-WinEvent is used to get the template for event id 8007 from the Group Policy event provider. Notice that the event has two formats.

In version 0, the IsMachine field is a boolean value. In version 1, the IsMachine field is an unsigned integer value.

(Get-WinEvent -ListProvider Microsoft-Windows-GroupPolicy).Events | Where-Object Id -eq 8007

Id          : 8007
Version     : 0
LogLink     : System.Diagnostics.Eventing.Reader.EventLogLink
Level       : System.Diagnostics.Eventing.Reader.EventLevel
Opcode      : System.Diagnostics.Eventing.Reader.EventOpcode
Task        : System.Diagnostics.Eventing.Reader.EventTask
Keywords    : {}
Template    : <template xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/win/2004/08/events">
                <data name="PolicyElaspedTimeInSeconds" inType="win:UInt32" outType="xs:unsignedInt"/>
                <data name="ErrorCode" inType="win:UInt32" outType="win:HexInt32"/>
                <data name="PrincipalSamName" inType="win:UnicodeString" outType="xs:string"/>
                <data name="IsMachine" inType="win:Boolean" outType="xs:boolean"/>
                <data name="IsConnectivityFailure" inType="win:Boolean" outType="xs:boolean"/>
              </template>

Description : Completed periodic policy processing for user %3 in %1 seconds.

Id          : 8007
Version     : 1
LogLink     : System.Diagnostics.Eventing.Reader.EventLogLink
Level       : System.Diagnostics.Eventing.Reader.EventLevel
Opcode      : System.Diagnostics.Eventing.Reader.EventOpcode
Task        : System.Diagnostics.Eventing.Reader.EventTask
Keywords    : {}
Template    : <template xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/win/2004/08/events">
                <data name="PolicyElaspedTimeInSeconds" inType="win:UInt32" outType="xs:unsignedInt"/>
                <data name="ErrorCode" inType="win:UInt32" outType="win:HexInt32"/>
                <data name="PrincipalSamName" inType="win:UnicodeString" outType="xs:string"/>
                <data name="IsMachine" inType="win:UInt32" outType="xs:unsignedInt"/>
                <data name="IsConnectivityFailure" inType="win:Boolean" outType="xs:boolean"/>
              </template>

Description : Completed periodic policy processing for user %3 in %1 seconds.

The Description property contains the message that gets written to the event log. The %3 and %1 value are placeholders for the values passed into the template. The %3 string is replace with the value passed to the PrincipalSamName field. The %1 string is replaced withe value passed to the PolicyElaspedTimeInSeconds field.

Example 3 - Create a new event using a versioned template

This example shows how to create an event using a specific template version.

$Payload = @(300, [uint32]'0x8001011f', $env:USERNAME, 0, 1)
New-WinEvent -ProviderName Microsoft-Windows-GroupPolicy -Id 8007 -Version 1 -Payload $Payload
Get-winEvent -ProviderName Microsoft-Windows-GroupPolicy -MaxEvents 1

ProviderName: Microsoft-Windows-GroupPolicy

TimeCreated            Id LevelDisplayName Message
-----------            -- ---------------- -------
5/4/2022 8:40:24 AM  8007 Information      Completed periodic policy processing for user User1 in 300 seconds

If the values in the payload do not match the types in the template, the event is logged but the payload contains an error.

Parameters

-Id

Specifies an event Id that is registered in the event provider.

Type:Int32
Position:1
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

-Payload

The payload is an array of values passed as positional arguments to the event template. The values are inserted into the template to construct the message for the event. Events can have multiple template versions that use different formats.

If the values in the payload do not match the types in the template, the event is logged but the payload contains an error.

Type:Object[]
Position:2
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

-ProviderName

Specifies the event provider that writes the event to an event log, such as "Microsoft-Windows-PowerShell". An ETW event provider is a logical entity that writes events to ETW sessions.

Type:String
Position:0
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

-Version

Specifies the version number of the event. PowerShell converts the number to the required Byte type. The value specifies the version of the event when different versions of the same event are defined.

Type:Byte
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Inputs

None

This cmdlet does not take input from the pipeline.

Outputs

None

This cmdlet does to generate any output.

Notes

After the provider writes the event to an eventlog, you can use the Get-WinEvent cmdlet to get the event from the event log.