Installing PowerShell on Alpine Linux

All packages are available on our GitHub releases page. After the package is installed, run pwsh from a terminal. Run pwsh-preview if you installed a preview release. Before installing, check the list of Supported versions below.

Note

PowerShell 7.4 is an in-place upgrade that removes previous versions of PowerShell 7. Preview versions of PowerShell can be installed side-by-side with other versions of PowerShell. If you need to run PowerShell 7.4 side-by-side with a previous version, reinstall the previous version using the binary archive method.

Installation steps

Installation on Alpine is based on downloading tar.gz package from the releases page. The URL to the package depends on the version of PowerShell you want to install.

  • PowerShell 7.4.1 - https://github.com/PowerShell/PowerShell/releases/download/v7.4.1/powershell-7.4.1-linux-musl-x64.tar.gz
  • PowerShell 7.3.11 - https://github.com/PowerShell/PowerShell/releases/download/v7.3.11/powershell-7.3.11-linux-alpine-x64.tar.gz
  • PowerShell 7.2.18 - https://github.com/PowerShell/PowerShell/releases/download/v7.2.18/powershell-7.2.18-linux-alpine-x64.tar.gz

Then, in the terminal, execute the following shell commands to install PowerShell 7.3:

# install the requirements
sudo apk add --no-cache \
    ca-certificates \
    less \
    ncurses-terminfo-base \
    krb5-libs \
    libgcc \
    libintl \
    libssl1.1 \
    libstdc++ \
    tzdata \
    userspace-rcu \
    zlib \
    icu-libs \
    curl

sudo apk -X https://dl-cdn.alpinelinux.org/alpine/edge/main add --no-cache \
    lttng-ust

# Download the powershell '.tar.gz' archive
curl -L https://github.com/PowerShell/PowerShell/releases/download/v7.4.1/powershell-7.4.1-linux-musl-x64.tar.gz -o /tmp/powershell.tar.gz

# Create the target folder where powershell will be placed
sudo mkdir -p /opt/microsoft/powershell/7

# Expand powershell to the target folder
sudo tar zxf /tmp/powershell.tar.gz -C /opt/microsoft/powershell/7

# Set execute permissions
sudo chmod +x /opt/microsoft/powershell/7/pwsh

# Create the symbolic link that points to pwsh
sudo ln -s /opt/microsoft/powershell/7/pwsh /usr/bin/pwsh

# Start PowerShell
pwsh

Uninstall PowerShell

sudo rm -rf /usr/bin/pwsh /opt/microsoft/powershell

PowerShell paths

  • $PSHOME is /opt/microsoft/powershell/7/
  • The profiles scripts are stored in the following locations:
    • AllUsersAllHosts - $PSHOME/profile.ps1
    • AllUsersCurrentHost - $PSHOME/Microsoft.PowerShell_profile.ps1
    • CurrentUserAllHosts - ~/.config/powershell/profile.ps1
    • CurrentUserCurrentHost - ~/.config/powershell/Microsoft.PowerShell_profile.ps1
  • Modules are stored in the following locations:
    • User modules - ~/.local/share/powershell/Modules
    • Shared modules - /usr/local/share/powershell/Modules
    • Default modules - $PSHOME/Modules
  • PSReadLine history is recorded in ~/.local/share/powershell/PSReadLine/ConsoleHost_history.txt

The profiles respect PowerShell's per-host configuration, so the default host-specific profiles exists at Microsoft.PowerShell_profile.ps1 in the same locations.

PowerShell respects the XDG Base Directory Specification on Linux.

Supported versions

The following table lists the supported PowerShell releases and the versions of Alpine they're supported on. These versions are supported until either the version of PowerShell reaches end-of-support or the version of Alpine reaches end-of-life.

  • The Supported icon indicates that the version of the OS or PowerShell is still supported
  • The Out of Support icon indicates the version of PowerShell is no longer supported on that version of the OS
  • The In Test icon indicates that we haven't finished testing PowerShell on that OS
  • The Not Supported icon indicates that the version of the OS or PowerShell isn't supported
  • When both the version of the OS and the version of PowerShell have a Supported icon, that combination is supported
Alpine 7.2 (LTS-previous) 7.3 7.4 (LTS-current)
Supported 3.18 Not Supported Not Supported Not Supported
Supported 3.17 In Test In Test In Test
Supported 3.16 In Test In Test In Test
Out of Support 3.15 In Test In Test In Test
Out of Support 3.14 Out of Support Out of Support Out of Support

PowerShell is supported on Alpine for the following processor architectures.

Alpine 7.2 (LTS-current) 7.3 7.4 (LTS-current)
All supported versions x64 x64 x64

PowerShell hasn't been tested on Alpine using Arm processors.

Installation support

Microsoft supports the installation methods in this document. There may be other methods of installation available from other third-party sources. While those tools and methods may work, Microsoft can't support those methods.