RequiresAuthenticationAttribute Class

[WCF RIA Services Version 1 Service Pack 2 is compatible with either .NET framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5, and with either Silverlight 4 or Silverlight 5.]

Specifies that a domain operation can only be invoked by an authenticated user.

Inheritance Hierarchy


Namespace:  System.ServiceModel.DomainServices.Server
Assembly:  System.ServiceModel.DomainServices.Server (in System.ServiceModel.DomainServices.Server.dll)


<AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Class Or AttributeTargets.Method Or AttributeTargets.Property Or AttributeTargets.Field, AllowMultiple := False,  _
    Inherited := True)> _
Public NotInheritable Class RequiresAuthenticationAttribute _
    Inherits AuthorizationAttribute
Dim instance As RequiresAuthenticationAttribute
[AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Class|AttributeTargets.Method|AttributeTargets.Property|AttributeTargets.Field, AllowMultiple = false, 
    Inherited = true)]
public sealed class RequiresAuthenticationAttribute : AuthorizationAttribute
[AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets::Class|AttributeTargets::Method|AttributeTargets::Property|AttributeTargets::Field, AllowMultiple = false, 
    Inherited = true)]
public ref class RequiresAuthenticationAttribute sealed : public AuthorizationAttribute
[<AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Class|AttributeTargets.Method|AttributeTargets.Property|AttributeTargets.Field, AllowMultiple = false, 
    Inherited = true)>]
type RequiresAuthenticationAttribute =  
        inherit AuthorizationAttribute
public final class RequiresAuthenticationAttribute extends AuthorizationAttribute

The RequiresAuthenticationAttribute type exposes the following members.


  Name Description
Public method RequiresAuthenticationAttribute Initializes a new instance of the RequiresAuthenticationAttribute class.



  Name Description
Public property ErrorMessage Gets or sets the literal error message or resource key intended to be returned in an ErrorMessage. (Inherited from AuthorizationAttribute.)
Public property ResourceType Gets or sets the Type to use as the resource manager for ErrorMessage. (Inherited from AuthorizationAttribute.)
Public property TypeId (Inherited from Attribute.)



  Name Description
Public method Authorize Determines whether the given principal object is authorized to perform a specific operation described by the given AuthorizationContext. (Inherited from AuthorizationAttribute.)
Public method Equals (Inherited from Attribute.)
Protected method Finalize (Inherited from Object.)
Protected method FormatErrorMessage Gets the formatted error message for the current AuthorizationAttribute to present to the user. (Inherited from AuthorizationAttribute.)
Public method GetHashCode (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public method GetType (Inherited from Object.)
Protected method IsAuthorized Implementation specific method to determine whether the given IPrincipal object is authorized to perform a specific operation described by the given AuthorizationContext object. (Inherited from AuthorizationAttribute.)
Public method IsDefaultAttribute (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public method Match (Inherited from Attribute.)
Protected method MemberwiseClone (Inherited from Object.)
Public method ToString (Inherited from Object.)


Explicit Interface Implementations

  Name Description
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method _Attribute.GetIDsOfNames (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method _Attribute.GetTypeInfo (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method _Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method _Attribute.Invoke (Inherited from Attribute.)



You apply the RequiresAuthenticationAttribute attribute to a domain method to restrict access to the operation to only authenticated users. When you apply the RequiresAuthenticationAttribute attribute to an entire domain service class, all of the domain operations are restricted to only authenticated users. The RequiresAuthenticationAttribute attribute prevents the method from being executed when the user is not authenticated. If you call a domain operation when the user is not authenticated, the domain operation returns an exception. You can avoid this situation by checking the IsAuthenticated property on the User object generated in the client project before calling the domain operation.

RIA Services also provides the RequiresRoleAttribute attribute to indicate that the user must belong to specified role or roles. You can also provide customized authorization requirements by implementing a class that derives from the AuthorizationAttribute and overriding the IsAuthorized method. For more information, see How to: Create a Custom Authorization Attribute.


The following example shows a domain service with the RequiresAuthenticationAttribute attribute applied to the GetSalesOrderHeader method.

<EnableClientAccess()>  _
Public Class AdventureWorksDomainService
    Inherits LinqToEntitiesDomainService(Of AdventureWorksLT_DataEntities)

    <RequiresRole("Managers")> _
    Public Function GetCustomers() As IQueryable(Of Customer)
        Return Me.ObjectContext.Customers
    End Function

    Public Function GetProducts() As IQueryable(Of Product)
        Return Me.ObjectContext.Products
    End Function

    <RequiresAuthentication()> _
    Public Function GetSalesOrderHeaders() As IQueryable(Of SalesOrderHeader)
        Return Me.ObjectContext.SalesOrderHeaders
    End Function
End Class
public class AdventureWorksDomainService : LinqToEntitiesDomainService<AdventureWorksLT_DataEntities>
    public IQueryable<Customer> GetCustomers()
        return this.ObjectContext.Customers;

    public IQueryable<Product> GetProducts()
        return this.ObjectContext.Products;

    public IQueryable<SalesOrderHeader> GetSalesOrderHeaders()
        return this.ObjectContext.SalesOrderHeaders;

Thread Safety

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

See Also


System.ServiceModel.DomainServices.Server Namespace