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SPRoleAssignment class

Defines the role assignments for a user or group on the current object.

Inheritance hierarchy


Namespace:  Microsoft.SharePoint
Assembly:  Microsoft.SharePoint (in Microsoft.SharePoint.dll)


Public NotInheritable Class SPRoleAssignment
Dim instance As SPRoleAssignment
public sealed class SPRoleAssignment


To grant a user or group permission to securable content, you create a role assignment object, set the user or group for the role assignment, add the appropriate role definitions, and add the object to the collection of role assignments for the securable object.

Use the RoleAssignments property of the ISecurableObject interface, or of the SPList, SPListItem, or SPWeb class, to return the collection of role assignments for the given object.

Use an indexer to return a single item from the collection. For example, if the collection is assigned to a variable named collRoleAssignments, use collRoleAssignments[index] in C#, or collRoleAssignments(index) in Visual Basic, where index is either the index number of the item in the collection or a string that contains the name of the role definition.


The following code example creates a new role assignment for a user, adds a new role definition to the bound role definitions for the role assignment, and then adds the new role assignment to the collection of role assignments for the Web site.

using(SPWeb oWebsite = SPContext.Current.Site.AllWebs["Subsite_Name"])
    SPRoleDefinitionCollection collRoleDefinitions = oWebsite.RoleDefinitions;
    SPRoleAssignmentCollection collRoleAssignments = oWebsite.RoleAssignments;

    SPRoleAssignment oRoleAssignment = new 

    SPRoleDefinitionBindingCollection collRoleDefinitionBindings = oRoleAssignment.RoleDefinitionBindings;


Using oWebsite As SPWeb = SPContext.Current.Site.AllWebs("Subsite_Name")
    Dim collRoleDefinitions As SPRoleDefinitionCollection = oWebsite.RoleDefinitions
    Dim collRoleAssignments As SPRoleAssignmentCollection = oWebsite.RoleAssignments

    Dim oRoleAssignment As New SPRoleAssignment("DOMAIN\User_Alias","","Displ ay_Name","Notes")

    Dim collRoleDefinitionBindings As SPRoleDefinitionBindingCollection = oRoleAssignment.RoleDefinitionBindings


End Using


Certain objects implement the IDisposable interface, and you must avoid retaining these objects in memory after they are no longer needed. For information about good coding practices, see Disposing Objects.

Thread safety

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

See also


SPRoleAssignment members

Microsoft.SharePoint namespace