How to: View or Change Server Properties for Full-Text Search (SQL Server Management Studio)

You can view the full-text properties of an instance of SQL Server in SQL Server Management Studio.

  1. In Object Explorer, right-click a server, and then click Properties.

  2. In the Server Properties dialog box, click the Advanced page to view server information about full-text search. The full-text properties are as follows:

    • Default Full-Text Language

      Specifies a default language for full-text indexed columns. Linguistic analysis of full-text indexed data is dependent on the language of the data. The default value of this option is the language of the server. For the language that corresponds to the displayed setting, see sys.fulltext_languages (Transact-SQL).


      For more information about this server property, see default full-text language Option.

    • Full-Text Upgrade Option

      This server property controls how full-text indexes are migrated when upgrading a database from SQL Server 2000 or SQL Server 2005 to SQL Server 2008 or later version. This property applies to upgrading by attaching a database, restoring a database backup, restoring a file backup, or copying the database by using the Copy Database Wizard.

      The alternatives are as follows:

      • Import
        Full-text catalogs are imported. Typically, import is significantly faster than rebuild. For example, when using only one CPU, import runs about 10 times faster than rebuild. However, an imported full-text catalog does not use the new and enhanced word breakers introduced in SQL Server 2008, so you might want to rebuild your full-text catalogs eventually.


        Rebuild can run in multi-threaded mode, and if more than 10 CPUs are available, rebuild might run faster than import if you allow rebuild to use all of the CPUs.

        If a full-text catalog is not available, the associated full-text indexes are rebuilt. This option is available for only SQL Server 2005 databases.

      • Rebuild
        Full-text catalogs are rebuilt using the new and enhanced word breakers. Rebuilding indexes can take awhile, and a significant amount of CPU and memory might be required after the upgrade.

      • Reset
        Full-text catalogs are reset. SQL Server 2005 full-text catalog files are removed, but the metadata for full-text catalogs and full-text indexes is retained. After being upgraded, all full-text indexes are disabled for change tracking and crawls are not started automatically. The catalog will remain empty until you manually issue a full population, after the upgrade completes.

      For information about choosing a full-text upgrade option, see full-Full-Text Search Upgrade.


      The full-text upgrade option can also be set by using the sp_fulltext_serviceupgrade_option action.