Listen for geofence events in the background (XAML)

This topic will guide you through the steps of setting up a background task to listen for Geofence notifications in your app.

Roadmap: How does this topic relate to others? See:


After your geofences have been created, you will have to add the logic to handle what happens when a geofence event occurs. Depending on the MonitoredStates that you have set up, you may receive an event when:

  • The user has entered a region of interest.
  • The user has left a region of interest.
  • The geofence has expired or been removed. Note that a background app is not activated for a removal event.

This topic describes how to set up a background task to alert your app when a geofence event occurs. But you can also handle events directly from your app when it is running. For more info, see Handle geofence notifications in the foreground and Guidelines for geofencing.

Listening for a geofence event in the background requires a number of steps:

  • Declare the background task in your app’s manifest.
  • Register the background task in your app. If your app needs internet access, say for accessing a cloud service, you can set a flag for that when the event is triggered. You can also set a flag to make sure the user is present when the event is triggered so that you are sure the user gets notified.
  • While your app is running in the foreground, prompt the user to grant your app location permissions.

Register for geofence state change events

In your app's manifest, under the Declarations tab, add a declaration for a location background task. To do this:

  • Add a declaration of type Background Tasks.
  • Set a property task type of Location.
  • Set an entry point into your app to call when the event is triggered.

Register the background task

The code below registers the geofencing background task. Remember that when the geofence was created, we checked for location permissions. Refer to Set up a geofence for more information.

async private void RegisterBackgroundTask(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
    // Get permission for a background task from the user. If the user has already answered once,
    // this does nothing and the user must manually update their preference via PC Settings.
    BackgroundAccessStatus backgroundAccessStatus = await BackgroundExecutionManager.RequestAccessAsync();

    // Regardless of the answer, register the background task. Note that the user can use
    // the Settings app to prevent your app from running background tasks.
    // Create a new background task builder
    BackgroundTaskBuilder geofenceTaskBuilder = new BackgroundTaskBuilder();

    geofenceTaskBuilder.Name = SampleBackgroundTaskName;
    geofenceTaskBuilder.TaskEntryPoint = SampleBackgroundTaskEntryPoint;

    // Create a new location trigger
    var trigger = new LocationTrigger(LocationTriggerType.Geofence);

    // Associate the locationi trigger with the background task builder

    // If it is important that there is user presence and/or
    // internet connection when OnCompleted is called
    // the following could be called before calling Register()
    // SystemCondition condition = new SystemCondition(SystemConditionType.UserPresent | SystemConditionType.InternetAvailable);
    // geofenceTaskBuilder.AddCondition(condition);

    // Register the background task
    geofenceTask = geofenceTaskBuilder.Register();

    // Associate an event handler with the new background task
    geofenceTask.Completed += new BackgroundTaskCompletedEventHandler(OnCompleted);


    switch (backgroundAccessStatus)
    case BackgroundAccessStatus.Unspecified:
    case BackgroundAccessStatus.Denied:
        rootPage.NotifyUser("This app is not allowed to run in the background.", NotifyType.ErrorMessage);



Set up a geofence

Handle geofence notifications in the foreground

Handle geofence notifications from a background task

Other resources

Windows 10 geolocation sample

Windows 8.1 geolocation sample

Roadmap for apps using C# and Visual Basic

Roadmap for apps using C++

Designing UX for apps

Guidelines for geofencing