Performs an atomic compare-and-exchange operation on the specified values. The function compares two specified 32-bit values and exchanges with another 32-bit value based on the outcome of the comparison. The operation is performed atomically, but without using memory barriers.
To operate on 16-bit values, use the InterlockedCompareExchange16NoFence function.
To operate on 64-bit values, use the InterlockedCompareExchangeNoFence64 function.
LONG __cdecl InterlockedCompareExchangeNoFence( _Inout_ LONG volatile *Destination, _In_ LONG Exchange, _In_ LONG Comparand );
Destination [in, out]
A pointer to the destination value.
The exchange value.
The function returns the initial value of the Destination parameter.
The function compares the Destination value with the Comparand value. If the Destination value is equal to the Comparand value, the Exchange value is stored in the address specified by Destination. Otherwise, no operation is performed.
The parameters for this function must be aligned on a 32-bit boundary; otherwise, the function will behave unpredictably on multiprocessor x86 systems and any non-x86 systems. See _aligned_malloc.
The interlocked functions provide a simple mechanism for synchronizing access to a variable that is shared by multiple threads. This function is atomic with respect to calls to other interlocked functions.
This function is implemented using a compiler intrinsic where possible. For more information, see the WinBase.h header file and _InterlockedCompareExchange_nf.
This function generates no memory barriers (or fences) and does not guarantee that independent memory operations before or after it are completed in order.
Note This function is supported on Windows RT-based systems.
Minimum supported client
Windows 8 [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server
Windows Server 2012 [desktop apps only]
|Winnt.h (include Windows.h)|