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What Does USMT Migrate?

Applies To: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Vista

In This Topic

  • Default Migration Scripts

  • User Data

  • Operating-System Components

  • Supported Applications

  • What USMT Does Not Migrate

Default Migration Scripts

The User State Migration Tool (USMT) 5.0 is designed so that an IT engineer can precisely define migrations using the USMT .xml scripting language. USMT provides the following sample scripts:

  • MigApp.XML. Rules to migrate application settings.

  • MigDocs.XML. Rules that use the MigXmlHelper.GenerateDocPatterns helper function, which can be used to automatically find user documents on a computer without the need to author extensive custom migration .xml files.

  • MigUser.XML. Rules to migrate user profiles and user data.

    MigUser.xml gathers everything in a user’s profile and then does a file extension- based search of most of the system for other user data. If data doesn’t match either of these criteria, the data won’t be migrated. For the most part, this file describes a "core" migration.

    The following data does not migrate with MigUser.xml:

    • Files outside the user profile that don’t match one of the file extensions in MigUser.xml.

    • Access control lists (ACLs) for folders outside the user profile.

User Data

This section describes the user data that USMT migrates by default, using the MigUser.xml file. It also defines how to migrate ACLs.

  • Folders from each user profile. When you specify the MigUser.xml file, USMT migrates everything in a user’s profiles including the following:

    My Documents, My Video, My Music, My Pictures, desktop files, Start menu, Quick Launch settings, and Favorites.

  • Folders from the All Users and Public profiles. When you specify the MigUser.xml file, USMT also migrates the following from the All Users profile in Windows® XP, or the Public profile in Windows Vista®, Windows® 7, or Windows 8:

    • Shared Documents

    • Shared Video

    • Shared Music

    • Shared desktop files

    • Shared Pictures

    • Shared Start menu

    • Shared Favorites

  • File types. When you specify the MigUser.xml file, the ScanState tool searches the fixed drives, collects and then migrates files with any of the following file extensions:

    .accdb, .ch3, .csv, .dif, .doc*, .dot*, .dqy, .iqy, .mcw, .mdb*, .mpp, .one*, .oqy, .or6, .pot*, .ppa, .pps*, .ppt*, .pre, .pst, .pub, .qdf, .qel, .qph, .qsd, .rqy, .rtf, .scd, .sh3, .slk, .txt, .vl*, .vsd, .wk*, .wpd, .wps, .wq1, .wri, .xl*, .xla, .xlb, .xls*.


    The asterisk (*) stands for zero or more characters.

  • Access control lists. USMT migrates ACLs for specified files and folders from computers running both Windows® XP and Windows Vista. For example, if you migrate a file named File1.txt that is read-only for User1 and read/write for User2, these settings will still apply on the destination computer after the migration.


To migrate ACLs, you must specify the directory to migrate in the MigUser.xml file. Using file patterns like *.doc will not migrate a directory. The source ACL information is migrated only when you explicitly specify the directory. For example, <pattern type="File">c:\test docs</pattern>.

Operating-System Components

USMT migrates operating-system components to a destination computer from computers running Windows XP, Windows Vista, or Windows 7.

The following components are migrated by default using the manifest files:

  • Accessibility settings

  • Address book

  • Command-prompt settings

  • *Desktop wallpaper

  • EFS files

  • Favorites

  • Folder options

  • Fonts

  • Group membership. USMT migrates users’ group settings. The groups to which a user belongs can be found by right-clicking My Computer on the Start menu and then clicking Manage.

  • *Windows Internet Explorer® settings

  • Microsoft® Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) settings

  • Mouse and keyboard settings

  • Network drive mapping

  • *Network printer mapping

  • *Offline files

  • *Phone and modem options

  • RAS connection and phone book (.pbk) files

  • *Regional settings

  • Remote Access

  • *Taskbar settings

  • User personal certificates (all)

  • Windows Mail. Microsoft Outlook Express Mail (.dbx) files are migrated from Windows XP.

  • *Windows Media Player

  • Windows Rights Management

* These settings are not available for an offline migration. For more information, see Offline Migration Reference.


This list may not be complete. There may be additional components that are migrated.


Some settings, such as fonts, are not applied by the LoadState tool until after the destination computer has been restarted. For this reason, restart the destination computer after you run the LoadState tool.

Supported Applications

Although it is not required for all applications, it is good practice to install all applications on the destination computer before restoring the user state. Installing applications before migrating settings helps to ensure that the migrated settings are not overwritten by the application installers.


The versions of installed applications must match on the source and destination computers. USMT does not support migrating the settings of an earlier version of an application to a later version, except for Microsoft Office.


USMT migrates only the settings that have been used or modified by the user. If there is an application setting on the source computer that was not touched by the user, the setting may not migrate.

When you specify the MigApp.xml file, USMT migrates the settings for the following applications:

Product Version

Adobe Acrobat Reader


AOL Instant Messenger


Adobe Creative Suite


Adobe Photoshop CS

8, 9

Adobe ImageReady CS

Apple iTunes

6, 7, 8

Apple QuickTime Player

5, 6, 7

Apple Safari


Google Chrome


Google Picasa


Google Talk


IBM Lotus 1-2-3


IBM Lotus Notes

6,7, 8

IBM Lotus Organizer


IBM Lotus WordPro


Intuit Quicken Deluxe


Money Plus Business


Money Plus Home


Mozilla Firefox


Microsoft Office

2003, 2007, 2010

Microsoft Office Access®

2003, 2007, 2010

Microsoft Office Excel®

2003, 2007, 2010

Microsoft Office FrontPage®

2003, 2007, 2010

Microsoft Office OneNote®

2003, 2007, 2010

Microsoft Office Outlook®

2003, 2007, 2010

Microsoft Office PowerPoint®

2003, 2007, 2010

Microsoft Office Publisher

2003, 2007, 2010

Microsoft Office Word

2003, 2007, 2010

Opera Software Opera


Microsoft Outlook Express

(only mailbox file)

Microsoft Project

2003, 2007

Microsoft Office Visio®

2003, 2007

RealPlayer Basic


Sage Peachtree




Windows Live Mail

12, 14

Windows Live Messenger

8.5, 14

Windows Live MovieMaker


Windows Live Photo Gallery

12, 14

Windows Live Writer

12, 14

Windows Mail

(only shipped with Vista)

Microsoft Works


Yahoo Messenger


Microsoft Zune™ Software


What USMT Does Not Migrate

The following is a list of the settings that USMT does not migrate. If you are having a problem that is not listed here, see Common Issues.

Application Settings

USMT does not migrate the following application settings:

  • Settings from earlier versions of an application. The versions of each application must match on the source and destination computers. USMT does not support migrating the settings of an earlier version of an application to a later version, except for Microsoft Office. USMT can migrate from an earlier version of Microsoft Office to a later version.

  • Application settings and some operating-system settings when a local account is created. For example, if you run /lac to create a local account on the destination computer, USMT will migrate the user data, but only some of the operating-system settings, such as wallpaper and screensaver settings, and no application settings will migrate.

  • Microsoft Project settings, when migrating from Office 2003 to Office 2007 system.

  • ICQ Pro settings, if ICQ Pro is installed in a different location on the destination computer. To successfully migrate the settings of ICQ Pro, you must install ICQ Pro in the same location on the destination computer as it was on the source computer. Otherwise, after you run the LoadState tool, the application will not start. You may encounter problems when:

    • You change the default installation location on 32-bit destination computers.

    • You attempt to migrate from a 32-bit computer to a 64-bit computer. This is because the ICQ Pro default installation directory is different on the two types of computers. When you install ICQ Pro on a 32-bit computer, the default location is "C:\Program Files\...". The ICQ Pro default installation directory on an x64-based computer, however, is “C:\Program Files (x86)\...”.

Operating-System Settings

USMT does not migrate the following operating-system settings.

  • Local printers, hardware-related settings, drivers, passwords, application binary files, synchronization files, DLL files, or other executable files.

  • Permissions for shared folders. After migration, you must manually re-share any folders that were shared on the source computer.

  • Files and settings migrating between operating systems with different languages. The operating system of the source computer must match the language of the operating system on the destination computer.

  • Customized icons for shortcuts may not migrate.

  • Taskbar settings, when the source computer is running Windows XP.

You should also note the following:

  • You should run USMT from an account with administrative credentials. Otherwise, some data will not migrate. When running the ScanState tool on Windows Vista, or the ScanState and LoadState tools on Windows 7 or Windows® 8, you must run the tools in Administrator mode from an account with administrative credentials. If you do not run USMT in Administrator mode, only the user profile that is logged on will be included in the migration. In addition, you must run the ScanState tool on Windows XP from an account with administrative credentials. Otherwise, some operating-system settings will not migrate. To run in Administrator mode, click Start, click All Programs, click Accessories, right-click Command Prompt, and then click Run as administrator.

  • You can use the /localonly option to exclude the data from removable drives and network drives mapped on the source computer. For more information about what is excluded when you specify /localonly, see ScanState Syntax.

See Also

Other Resources

Plan Your Migration