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Perform an in-place upgrade to Windows 10 with MDT

Applies to:

  • Windows 10

The simplest path to upgrade PCs that are currently running Windows 7, Windows 8, or Windows 8.1 to Windows 10 is through an in-place upgrade.


In-place upgrade is the preferred method to use when migrating from Windows 10 to a later release of Windows 10, and is also a preferred method for upgrading from Windows 7 or 8.1 if you do not plan to significantly change the device's configuration or applications. MDT includes an in-place upgrade task sequence template that makes the process really simple.

In-place upgrade differs from computer refresh in that you can't use a custom image to perform the in-place upgrade. In this article, we'll add a default Windows 10 image to the production deployment share specifically to perform an in-place upgrade.

Three computers are used in this article: DC01, MDT01, and PC0002.

  • DC01 is a domain controller for the domain
  • MDT01 is a domain member server
  • PC0002 is a domain member computer running Windows 7 SP1, targeted for the Windows 10 upgrade

Screenshot of DC 01, MDT 01, and PC 0002 computers. The computers used in this article.


For details about the setup for the procedures in this article, please see Prepare for deployment with MDT.

If you have already completed all the steps in Deploy a Windows 10 image using MDT, then you already have a production deployment share and you can skip to Add Windows 10 Enterprise x64 (full source).

Create the MDT production deployment share

On MDT01:

  1. Ensure you're signed on as contoso\administrator.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console, right-click Deployment Shares and select New Deployment Share.

  3. On the Path page, in the Deployment share path text box, type D:\MDTProduction and select Next.

  4. On the Share page, in the Share name text box, type MDTProduction$ and select Next.

  5. On the Descriptive Name page, in the Deployment share description text box, type MDT Production and select Next.

  6. On the Options page, accept the default settings and select Next twice, and then select Finish.

  7. Using File Explorer, verify that you can access the \\MDT01\MDTProduction$ share.

Add Windows 10 Enterprise x64 (full source)


If you have already have a Windows 10 reference image in the MDT Build Lab deployment share, you can use the deployment workbench to copy and paste this image from the MDT Build Lab share to the MDT Production share and skip the steps in this section.

On MDT01:

  1. Sign in as contoso\administrator and copy the content of a Windows 10 Enterprise x64 DVD/ISO to the D:\Downloads\Windows 10 Enterprise x64 folder on MDT01, or just insert the DVD or mount an ISO on MDT01.

  2. Using the Deployment Workbench, expand the Deployment Shares node, and then expand MDT Production.

  3. Right-click the Operating Systems node, and create a new folder named Windows 10.

  4. Expand the Operating Systems node, right-click the Windows 10 folder, and select Import Operating System. Use the following settings for the Import Operating System Wizard:

    • Full set of source files
    • Source directory: (location of your source files)
    • Destination directory name: W10EX64RTM
  5. After adding the operating system, in the Operating Systems / Windows 10 folder, double-click it and change the name to: Windows 10 Enterprise x64 RTM Default Image.

Create a task sequence to upgrade to Windows 10 Enterprise

On MDT01:

  1. Using the Deployment Workbench, select Task Sequences in the MDT Production node, then create a folder named Windows 10.

  2. Right-click the new Windows 10 folder and select New Task Sequence. Use the following settings for the New Task Sequence Wizard:

    • Task sequence ID: W10-X64-UPG
    • Task sequence name: Windows 10 Enterprise x64 RTM Upgrade
    • Template: Standard Client Upgrade Task Sequence
    • Select OS: Windows 10 Enterprise x64 RTM Default Image
    • Specify Product Key: Don't specify a product key at this time
    • Organization: Contoso
    • Admin Password: Don't specify an Administrator password at this time

Perform the Windows 10 upgrade

To initiate the in-place upgrade, perform the following steps on PC0002 (the device to be upgraded).

On PC0002:

  1. Start the MDT deployment wizard by running the following command: \\MDT01\MDTProduction$\Scripts\LiteTouch.vbs

  2. Select the Windows 10 Enterprise x64 RTM Upgrade task sequence, and then select Next.

  3. Select one or more applications to install (will appear if you use custom image): Install - Adobe Reader

  4. On the Ready tab, select Begin to start the task sequence.

When the task sequence begins, it automatically initiates the in-place upgrade process by invoking the Windows setup program (Setup.exe) with the necessary command-line parameters to perform an automated upgrade, which preserves all data, settings, apps, and drivers.

Screenshot of a desktop with an installation in progress.

Screenshot of a computer working through an update.

Screenshot of a desktop screen after an update.

After the task sequence completes, the computer will be fully upgraded to Windows 10.