Applies To: Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, Windows XP, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, Windows Server 2003 with SP2, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2000, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2003 with SP1, Windows 8

Displays the contents of a text file. Use the type command to view a text file without modifying it.

For examples of how to use this command, see Examples.


type [<Drive>:][<Path>]<FileName>





Specifies the location and name of the file or files that you want to view. Separate multiple file names with spaces.


Displays help at the command prompt.


  • If FileName contains spaces, enclose it in quotation marks (for example, "File¬†Name Containing Spaces.txt").

  • If you display a binary file or a file that is created by a program, you may see strange characters on the screen, including formfeed characters and escape-sequence symbols. These characters represent control codes that are used in the binary file. In general, avoid using the type command to display binary files.


To display the contents of a file named Holiday.mar, type:

type holiday.mar 

To display the contents of a lengthy file named Holiday.mar one screen at a time, type:

type holiday.mar | more 

Additional references

Command-Line Syntax Key