Displays the contents of a text file. Use the type command to view a text file without modifying it.


type [Drive**:**][PathFileName


[ Drive : ][ Path ] FileName   : Specifies the location and name of the file or files that you want to view. Separate multiple file names with spaces.

/?   : Displays help at the command prompt.


  • If you are using an NTFS drive and FileName contains spaces, use quotation marks around the text (that is, "File Name").

  • If you display a binary file or a file created by a program, you may see strange characters on the screen, including formfeed characters and escape-sequence symbols. These characters represent control codes used in the binary file. In general, avoid using the type command to display binary files.


To display the contents of a file named Holiday.mar, type:

type holiday.mar

To display the contents of a lengthy file one screen at a time, type:

type holiday.mar | more

Formatting legend




Information that the user must supply


Elements that the user must type exactly as shown

Ellipsis (...)

Parameter that can be repeated several times in a command line

Between brackets ([])

Optional items

Between braces ({}); choices separated by pipe (|). Example: {even|odd}

Set of choices from which the user must choose only one

Courier font

Code or program output

Using filters

Using command redirection operators

Command-line reference A-Z