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WPF platform setup

Preview label

Xamarin.Forms has preview support for the Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF), on .NET Framework and on .NET Core 3. This article demonstrates how to add a WPF project that targets .NET Framework, to a Xamarin.Forms solution.


Xamarin.Forms support for WPF is provided by the community. For more information, see Xamarin.Forms Platform Support.

Before you start, create a new Xamarin.Forms solution in Visual Studio 2019, or use an existing Xamarin.Forms solution.

Add a WPF application

Follow these instructions to add a WPF application that will run on the Windows 7, 8, and 10 desktops:

  1. In Visual Studio 2019, right-click on the solution name in the Solution Explorer and choose Add > New Project....

  2. In the Add a new project window, select C# in the Languages drop down, select Windows in the Platforms drop down, and select Desktop in the Project type drop down. In the list of project types, choose WPF App (.NET Framework):

    Screenshot shows the Add a new project dialog box with W P F App selected.

    Press the Next button.


    Xamarin.Forms 4.7 includes support for WPF apps that run on .NET Core 3.

  3. In the Configure your new project window, type a name for the project with a WPF extension, for example, BoxViewClock.WPF. Click the Browse button, select the BoxViewClock folder, and press Select Folder to put the WPF project in the same directory as the other projects in the solution:

    Screenshot shows the Configure you new project dialog box with values for Project name, Location, and Framework.

    Press the Create button to create the project.

  4. In the Solution Explorer, right click the new BoxViewClock.WPF project and select Manage NuGet Packages.... Select the Browse tab, and search for Xamarin.Forms.Platform.WPF:

    Select the NuGet package

    Select the package and click the Install button.

  5. Right click the solution name in the Solution Explorer and select Manage NuGet Packages for Solution.... Select the Updates tab and then select the Xamarin.Forms package. Select all the projects and update them to the same Xamarin.Forms version:

    Update the NuGet package

  6. In the WPF project, right-click on References and select Add Reference.... In the Reference Manager dialog, select Projects at the left, and check the checkbox adjacent to the BoxViewClock project:

    Reference the shared project

    Press the OK button.

  7. Edit the MainWindow.xaml file of the WPF project. In the Window tag, add an XML namespace declaration for the Xamarin.Forms.Platform.WPF assembly and namespace:


    Now change the Window tag to wpf:FormsApplicationPage. Change the Title setting to the name of your application, for example, BoxViewClock. The completed XAML file should look like this:

    <wpf:FormsApplicationPage x:Class="BoxViewClock.WPF.MainWindow"
            Title="BoxViewClock" Height="450" Width="800">
  8. Edit the MainWindow.xaml.cs file of the WPF project. Add two new using directives:

    using Xamarin.Forms;
    using Xamarin.Forms.Platform.WPF;

    Change the base class of MainWindow from Window to FormsApplicationPage. Following the InitializeComponent call, add the following two statements:

    LoadApplication(new BoxViewClock.App());

    Except for comments and unused using directives, the complete MainWindows.xaml.cs file should look like this:

    using Xamarin.Forms;
    using Xamarin.Forms.Platform.WPF;
    namespace BoxViewClock.WPF
        public partial class MainWindow : FormsApplicationPage
            public MainWindow()
                LoadApplication(new BoxViewClock.App());
  9. Right-click the WPF project in the Solution Explorer and select Set as Startup Project. Press F5 to run the program with the Visual Studio debugger on the Windows desktop:

    WPF BoxView Clock

Platform specifics

You can determine what platform your Xamarin.Forms application is running on from either code or XAML. This allows you to change program characteristics when it's running on WPF. In code, compare the value of Device.RuntimePlatform with the Device.WPF constant (which equals the string "WPF"). If there's a match, the application is running on WPF.

In XAML, you can use the OnPlatform tag to select a property value specific to the platform:

    <OnPlatform x:TypeArguments="Color">
        <On Platform="iOS" Value="White" />
        <On Platform="macOS" Value="White" />
        <On Platform="Android" Value="Black" />
        <On Platform="WPF" Value="Blue" />

Window size

You can adjust the initial size of the window in the WPF MainWindow.xaml file:

Title="BoxViewClock" Height="450" Width="800"


This is a preview, so you should expect that not everything is production ready. Not all NuGet packages for Xamarin.Forms are ready for WPF, and some features might not be fully working.

Xamarin.Forms 3.0 WPF support video