Supported data types (Azure Cognitive Search)
In Azure Cognitive Search, document fields and values in expressions (for example, in filters) are typed according to the Entity Data Model, or EDM (see Entity Data Model for details).
If you're using indexers to pull data into Azure Cognitive Search, indexers have different data type mappings for JSON and SQL Server data sources. For more information, see Data type map for indexers in Azure Cognitive Search.
EDM data types used in Azure Cognitive Search indexes and documents
Specifying EDM data types is necessary when defining fields in an index. You can find examples of JSON representation for fields of various types in Create Index examples. For an example of JSON documents contained typed content in data upload scenarios, see Add, Update or Delete Documents examples.
|Edm.Boolean||Contains true/false values.|
|Edm.Int32||32-bit integer values.|
|Edm.Int64||64-bit integer values.|
|Edm.Double||Double-precision IEEE 754 floating-point values.|
|Edm.DateTimeOffset||Date and time values represented in the OData V4 format:
|Edm.GeographyPoint||A point representing a geographic location on the globe. For request and response bodies the representation of values of this type follows the GeoJSON "Point" type format. For URLs OData uses a literal form based on the WKT standard. A point literal is constructed as geography'POINT(lon lat)'.|
|Edm.ComplexType||Objects whose properties map to sub-fields that can be of any other supported data type. This enables indexing of structured hierarchical data such as JSON. Objects in a field of type
|Collection(Edm.String)||A list of strings.|
|Collection(Edm.Boolean)||A list of boolean values.|
|Collection(Edm.Int32)||A list of 32-bit integer values.|
|Collection(Edm.Int64)||A list of 64-bit integer values.|
|Collection(Edm.Double)||A list of double-precision numeric values.|
|Collection(Edm.DateTimeOffset)||A list of date time values.|
|Collection(Edm.GeographyPoint)||A list of points representing geographic locations.|
|Collection(Edm.ComplexType)||A list of objects of type
All of the above types are nullable, except for collections of primitive and complex types, for example,
Collection(Edm.String). Nullable fields can be explicitly set to null. They are automatically set to null when omitted from a document that is uploaded to an Azure Cognitive Search index. Collection fields are automatically set to empty ('' in JSON) when they are omitted from a document. Also, it is not possible to store a null value in a collection field.
Unlike complex collections, there is no upper limit specifically on the number of items in a collection of primitive types, but the 16 MB upper limit on payload size applies to all parts of documents, including collections.
Other EDM structures used in Azure Cognitive Search
Edm.GeographyPolygon is a polygon representing a geographic region on the globe. While this type cannot be used in document fields, it can be used as an argument to the
geo.intersects function. The literal form for URLs in OData is based on the WKT (Well-known text) and OGC's simple feature access standards. A polygon literal is constructed as geography'POLYGON((lon lat, lon lat, ...))'.
To learn more about geospatial search in Azure, see this video: Azure Cognitive Search and Geospatial Data
Points in a polygon must be in counterclockwise order. Points in a polygon are interpreted in counterclockwise order, relative to the inside of the polygon. For example, a 4-point closed polygon around London would be -0.3°W 51.6°N [top left] , -0.3°W 51.4°N [bottom left], 0.1°E 51.4°N [bottom right], 0.1°E 51.6°N [top right], -0.3°W 51.6°N [starting point].