Merge Entity

The Merge Entity operation updates an existing entity by updating the entity's properties. This operation does not replace the existing entity, as the Update Entity operation does.


You can construct the Merge Entity request as follows. HTTPS is recommended. Replace myaccount with the name of your storage account, and mytable with the name of your table. Replace myPartitionKey and myRowKey with the name of the partition key and row key identifying the entity to be updated.

Method Request URI HTTP version
MERGE'myPartitionKey', RowKey='myRowKey') HTTP/1.1

The address of the entity to be updated can take a number of forms on the request URI. See the OData Protocol for additional details.

Emulated storage service URI

When you make a request against the emulated storage service, specify the emulator hostname and Azure Table Storage port as, followed by the emulated storage account name.

Method Request URI HTTP version
MERGE'myPartitionKey', RowKey='myRowKey') HTTP/1.1

Table Storage in the storage emulator differs from the Azure Table Storage in several ways. For more information, see Differences between the storage emulator and Azure Storage services.

URI parameters

You can specify the following additional parameters on the request URI.

Parameter Description
timeout Optional. The timeout parameter is expressed in seconds. For more information, see Setting timeouts for Table Storage operations.

Request headers

The following table describes required and optional request headers.

Request header Description
Authorization Required. Specifies the authorization scheme, account name, and signature. For more information, see Authorize requests to Azure Storage.
Date or x-ms-date Required. Specifies the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) for the request. For more information, see Authorize requests to Azure Storage.
x-ms-version Optional. Specifies the version of the operation to use for this request. For more information, see Versioning for the Azure Storage services.
Content-Type Required. Specifies the content type of the payload. Possible values are application/atom+xml and application/json.

For more information about valid content types, see Payload format for Table Storage operations.
Content-Length Required. The length of the request body.
If-Match Required. The client can specify the ETag for the entity on the request, in order to compare to the ETag maintained by the service for the purpose of optimistic concurrency. The update operation will be performed only if the ETag sent by the client matches the value maintained by the server. This match indicates that the entity hasn't been modified since it was retrieved by the client.

To force an unconditional update, set If-Match to the wildcard character (*).
x-ms-client-request-id Optional. Provides a client-generated, opaque value with a 1-kibibyte (KiB) character limit that's recorded in the logs when logging is configured. We highly recommend that you use this header to correlate client-side activities with requests that the server receives. For more information, see Monitor Azure Table Storage.

Request body

The Merge Entity operation sends the entity to be updated as an OData entity, which can be either a JSON or an Atom feed. For more information, see Inserting and updating entities.


The response includes an HTTP status code and a set of response headers.

Status code

A successful operation returns status code 204 (No Content). For information about status codes, see Status and error codes and Table Storage error codes.

Response headers

The response for this operation includes the following headers. The response can also include additional, standard HTTP headers. All standard headers conform to the HTTP/1.1 protocol specification.

Response header Description
ETag The ETag for the entity.
x-ms-request-id This header uniquely identifies the request that was made, and can be used for troubleshooting the request. For more information, see Troubleshooting API operations.
x-ms-version Indicates the version of Table Storage used to run the request. This header is returned for requests made against version 2009-09-19 and later.
Date A UTC date/time value that indicates the time at which the response was initiated. The service generates this value.
x-ms-client-request-id You can use this header to troubleshoot requests and corresponding responses. The value of this header is equal to the value of the x-ms-client-request-id header, if it's present in the request. The value is at most 1024 visible ASCII characters. If the x-ms-client-request-id header isn't present in the request, this header won't be present in the response.

Response body


Sample response

Response Status:  
HTTP/1.1 204 No Content  
Response Headers:  
Connection: Keep-Alive  
Content-Length: 0  
Cache-Control: no-cache  
Date: Mon, 25 Nov 2013 19:06:47 GMT  
ETag: W/"0x5B168C7B6E589D2"  
x-ms-version: 2013-08-15  
DataServiceVersion: 1.0;NetFx  
MaxDataServiceVersion: 2.0;NetFx  
Server: Windows-Azure-Table/1.0 Microsoft-HTTPAPI/2.0  


The account owner can perform this operation. Additionally, anyone with a shared access signature that has permission to perform this operation can do so.


Table Storage doesn't make null values for properties persistent. Specifying a property with a null value is equivalent to omitting that property in the request. Only properties with non-null values are updated by the Merge Entity operation.

You can't remove a property with a Merge Entity operation. If you need to do this, replace the entity by calling the Update Entity operation.

When you merge an entity, you must specify the PartitionKey and RowKey system properties as part of the merge operation.

An entity's ETag provides default, optimistic concurrency for merge operations. The ETag value is opaque, and shouldn't be read or relied upon. Before a merge operation occurs, Table Storage verifies that the entity's current ETag value is identical to the ETag value included with the request in the If-Match header. If the values are identical, Table Storage determines that the entity hasn't been modified since it was retrieved, and the merge operation proceeds.

If the entity's ETag differs from that specified with the merge request, the merge operation fails with status code 412 (Precondition Failed). This error indicates that the entity has been changed on the server since it was retrieved. To resolve this error, retrieve the entity and reissue the request.

To force an unconditional merge operation, set the value of the If-Match header to the wildcard character (*) on the request. Passing this value to the operation will override the default, optimistic concurrency, and ignore any mismatch in ETag values.

If the If-Match header is missing from the request in version 2011-08-18 and later, then the service performs an Insert Or Merge Entity (upsert) operation. In versions prior to 2011-08-18, the service returns status code 400 (Bad Request).

Any application that can authorize and send an HTTP MERGE request can merge an entity. For more information about constructing a query by using HTTP MERGE, see Add, modify, and delete entities.

For information about performing batch merge operations, see Performing entity group transactions.

See also

Update Entity
Authorize requests to Azure Storage
Setting the OData data service version headers
Status and error codes
Table Storage error codes