Building Microsoft Teams Tabs using SharePoint Framework
Starting with SharePoint Framework v1.8, you can build tabs for Microsoft Teams with the SharePoint Framework tooling and use SharePoint as a host for your solutions. As part of the SharePoint Framework v1.10 you can also publish your solution as Microsoft Teams personal app.
The benefits to use the SharePoint Framework as the platform for your Microsoft Teams tabs include the following:
- Development model is similar to SharePoint Framework web parts
- Any web part can be exposed as a tab or personal app in Microsoft Teams
- The different scoping options to expose a custom tab as a web part and tab in your tenant
- Your tab will be executed in the context of the underlying SharePoint site behind of the specific team. This means that you can take advantage of any SharePoint specific APIs or functionalities in your web part.
You can start developing Microsoft Teams tabs simply by using the SharePoint Framework 1.8 or later packages. The high-level steps to get started are as follows:
Refer to the detailed steps to get started from the Building Microsoft Teams tab using SharePoint Framework - Tutorial that contains additional important details you must follow.
Create a SharePoint Framework solution with a client-side web part
supportedHostsproperty of the web part manifest to use it as a tab in a channel:
"supportedHosts": ["SharePointWebPart", "TeamsTab"],
supportedHostsproperty of the web part manifest to use it as a personal app:
"supportedHosts": ["SharePointWebPart", "TeamsPersonalApp"],
Deploy the web part using tenant-scoped deployment option to your SharePoint app catalog
Activate the SharePoint Framework solution, which you deployed, and select Sync to Teams button in the App Catalog
There are multiple options to deploy Microsoft Teams tab or as a personal app. As both SharePoint and Microsoft Teams have their own app catalog, deployment requires operations on both services. Visibility of the new functionality can be controlled by the deployment steps taken.
You can use the Sync with Teams button in the App Catalog ribbon that will automatically create the Microsoft Teams app manifest, app package and install it in the Microsoft Teams store. This will make your solution available for all users in your tenant and Microsoft Teams teams.
Developers can also define the contents of the Microsoft Teams app manifest and app package. Refer to Deployment options for SharePoint Framework solutions for Microsoft Teams for deployment options.
Alternative deployment options
There's an alternative way to deploy your solution, which will for instance allow you to make a solution available only to one specific team in your tenant.
Build your SharePoint Framework solution the normal way:
gulp bundle --ship gulp package-solution --ship
Locate the ./teams folder in your project folder:
Add the Microsoft Teams app package as described in Deployment options for SharePoint Framework solutions for Microsoft Teams to the ./teams folder.
Add your solution to the app catalog and make sure to select the option Make this solution available to all sites in the organization before selecting Deploy.
Side loading of external apps in Teams
Move to your Microsoft Teams instance by selecting Teams in the app launcher:
Choose a Team that you want to use for testing the capability and select Manage team from the
Move to Apps tab.
Choose Upload a custom app from the bottom-right corner.
If this setting is not available, side loading is not enabled in the tenant which you are using. Double check the settings from the tenant admin UIs.
Upload the Microsoft Teams app manifest file your created earlier from the ./teams folder under your newly created solution and ensure that it's properly visible in the list of Apps. Notice how the custom image is visible with the description of the solution:
Move to a channel in the Team where you uploaded the solution. In the following image, notice we've activated the General channel in Team
Select + to add a new tab on the channel.
Select your custom tab named MyFirstTeamTab in the list:
Notice how you can customize the tab instance using the exposed properties on the web part. Select Save:
Detecting if web part is in Teams context
For more information on the Microsoft Teams tab context, see Microsoft Teams development documentation.
The process of obtaining the Microsoft Teams context with the SPFx API has changed a few times over time. For example, you may be familiar with the following properties that would return the Microsoft Teams context:
- The property
this.context.microsoftTeamswas deprecated in the SharePoint Framework v1.10 release.
- The property
this.context.sdks.microsoftTeamswas deprecated in the SharePoint Framework v1.16 release.
sdks.microsoftTeams.teamsJs.app.getContext() method in the context's API.
Few details to keep in mind: