Identify the Source of Packages with Digital Signatures
Applies to: SQL Server (all supported versions) SSIS Integration Runtime in Azure Data Factory
An Integration Services package can be signed with a digital certificate to identify its source. After a package has been signed with a digital certificate, you can have Integration Services check the digital signature before loading the package. To have Integration Services check the signature, you set an option in either SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT) or in the dtexec utility (dtexec.exe), or set an optional registry value.
Sign a package with a digital certificate
Before you can sign a package with a digital certificate, you first have to obtain or create the certificate. After you have the certificate, you can then use this certificate to sign the package. For more information about how to obtain a certificate and sign a package with that certificate, see Sign a Package by Using a Digital Certificate.
Set an option to check the package signature
Both SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT) and the dtexec utility have an option that configures Integration Services to check the digital signature of a signed package. Whether you use SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT) or the dtexec utility depends on whether you want to check all packages or just specific ones:
To check the digital signature of all packages before loading the packages at design time, set the Check digital signature when loading a package option in SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT). This option is a global setting for all packages in SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT).
To check the digital signature of an individual package, specify the /VerifyS[igned] option when you use the dtexec utility to run the package. For more information, see dtexec Utility.
Set a Registry value to check package signature
Integration Services also supports an optional registry value, BlockedSignatureStates, that you can use to manage an organization's policy for loading signed and unsigned packages. The registry value can prevent packages from loading if the packages are unsigned, or have invalid or untrusted signatures. For more information about how to set this registry value, see Implement a Signing Policy by Setting a Registry Value.
The optional BlockedSignatureStates registry value can specify a setting that is more restrictive than the digital signature option set in SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT) or at the dtexec command line. In this situation, the more restrictive registry setting overrides the other settings.
Implement a Signing Policy by Setting a Registry Value
You can use an optional registry value to manage an organization's policy for loading signed or unsigned packages. If you use this registry value, you must create this registry value on each computer on which Integration Services packages will run and on which you want to enforce the policy. After the registry value has been set, Integration Services will check or verify the signatures before loading packages.
The procedure in this article describes how to add the optional BlockedSignatureStates DWORD value to the HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Microsoft SQL Server\150\SSIS\Setup\DTSPath registry key.
A registry location under 150 represents SQL Server 2019, under 140 represents SQL Server 2017, under 130 represents SQL Server 2016, under 120 represents SQL Server 2014, and under 110 represents SQL Server 2012.
The data value in BlockedSignatureStates determines whether a package should be blocked if it has an untrusted signature, has an invalid signature, or is unsigned.
For the status of signatures used to sign packages, the BlockedSignatureStates registry value uses the following definitions:
A valid signature is one that can be read successfully.
An invalid signature is one for which the decrypted checksum (the one-way hash of the package code encrypted by a private key) does not match the decrypted checksum that is calculated as part of the process of loading Integration Services packages.
A trusted signature is one that is created by using a digital certificate signed by a Trusted Root Certification Authority. This setting does not require the signer to be found in the user's list of Trusted Publishers.
An untrusted signature is one that cannot be verified as issued by a Trusted Root Certification Authority, or a signature that is not current.
The following table lists the valid values of the DWORD data and their associated policy.
|0||No administrative restriction.|
|1||Block invalid signatures.
This setting does not block unsigned packages.
|2||Block invalid and untrusted signatures.
This setting does not block unsigned packages, but blocks self-generated signatures.
|3||Block invalid and untrusted signatures and unsigned packages
This setting also blocks self-generated signatures.
The recommended setting for BlockedSignatureStates is 3. This setting provides the greatest protection against unsigned packages or signatures that are either not valid or untrusted. However, the recommended setting may not be appropriate in all circumstances. For more information about signing digital assets, see the topic, "Introduction to Code Signing," in the MSDN Library.
To implement a signing policy for packages
On the Start menu, click Run.
In the Run dialog box, type Regedit, and then click OK.
Locate the registry key, HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Microsoft SQL Server\100\SSIS.
Right-click MSDTS, point to New, and then click DWORD Value.
Update the name of the new value to BlockedSignatureStates.
Right-click BlockedSignatureStates and click Modify.
In the Edit DWORD Value dialog box, type the value 0, 1, 2, or 3.
On the File menu, click Exit.
Sign a Package by Using a Digital Certificate
This topic describes how to sign an Integration Services package with a digital certificate. You can use a digital signature, together with other settings, to prevent a package that is not valid from loading and running.
Before you can sign an Integration Services package, you must do the following tasks:
Create or obtain a private key to associate with the certificate, and store this private key on the local computer.
Obtain a certificate for the purpose of code signing from a trusted certification authority. You can use one of the following methods to obtain or create a certificate:
Obtain a certificate from a public, commercial certification authority that issues certificates.
Obtain a certificate from a certificate server, that enables an organization to internally issue certificates. You have to add the root certificate that is used to sign the certificate to the Trusted Root Certification Authorities store. To add the root certificate, you can use the Certificates snap-in for the Microsoft Management Console (MMC). For more information, see the topic, "Certificate Services," in the MSDN library.
Create your own certificate for testing purposes only. The Certificate Creation Tool (Makecert.exe) generates X.509 certificates for testing purposes. For more information, see the topic, "Certificate Creation Tool (Makecert.exe)," in the MSDN Library.
For more information about certificates, see the online Help for the Certificates snap-in. For more information about how to sign digital assets, see the topic, "Signing and Checking Code with Authenticode," in the MSDN Library.
Make sure that the certificate has been enabled for code signing. To determine whether a certificate is enabled for code signing, review the properties of the certificate in the Certificates snap-in.
Store the certificate in the Personal store.
After you have completed the previous tasks, you can use the following procedure to sign a package.
To sign a package
In SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT), open the Integration Services project that contains the package to be signed.
In Solution Explorer, double-click the package to open it.
In SSIS Designer, on the SSIS menu, click Digital Signing.
In the Digital Signing dialog box, click Sign.
In the Select a Certificate dialog box, select a certificate.
(Optional) Click View Certificate to view certificate information.
Click OK to close the Select a Certificate dialog box.
Click OK to close the Digital Signing dialog box.
To save the updated package, click Save Selected Items on the File menu.
Although the package has been signed, you must now configure Integration Services to check or verify the digital signature before loading the package.
Digital Signing Dialog Box UI Reference
Use the Digital Signing dialog box to sign a package with a digital signature or to remove the signature. The Digital Signing dialog box is available from the Digital Signing option on the SSIS menu in SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT).
For more information, see Sign a Package by Using a Digital Certificate.
Click to open the Select Certificate dialog box, and select the certificate to use.
Click to remove the digital signature.