SQLCancelHandle Function

Version Introduced: ODBC 3.8 Standards Compliance: None

It is expected that most ODBC 3.8 (and later) drivers will implement this function. If a driver does not, a call to SQLCancelHandle with a connection handle in the Handle parameter will return SQL_ERROR with a SQLSTATE of IM001 and message 'Driver does not support this function'' A call to SQLCancelHandle with a statement handle as the Handle parameter will be mapped to a call to SQLCancel by the Driver Manager and can be processed if the driver implements SQLCancel. An application can use SQLGetFunctions to determine if a driver supports SQLCancelHandle.

SQLCancelHandle cancels the processing on a connection or statement. The Driver Manager maps a call to SQLCancelHandle to a call to SQLCancel when HandleType is SQL_HANDLE_STMT.


SQLRETURN SQLCancelHandle(  
      SQLSMALLINT  HandleType,  
      SQLHANDLE    Handle);  


[Input] The type of the handle on which to cacel processing. Valid values are SQL_HANDLE_DBC or SQL_HANDLE_STMT.

[Input] The handle on which to cancel processing.

If Handle is not a valid handle of the type specified by HandleType, SQLCancelHandle returns SQL_INVALID_HANDLE.




When SQLCancelHandle returns SQL_ERROR or SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO, an associated SQLSTATE value can be obtained by calling SQLGetDiagRec with a HandleType of SQL_HANDLE_STMT and a statement handle Handle or a HandleType of SQL_HANDLE_DBC and a connection handle Handle.

The following table lists the SQLSTATE values commonly returned by SQLCancelHandle and explains each one in the context of this function; the notation "(DM)" precedes the descriptions of SQLSTATEs returned by the Driver Manager. The return code associated with each SQLSTATE value is SQL_ERROR, unless noted otherwise.

SQLSTATE Error Description
01000 General warning Driver-specific informational message. (Function returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.)
HY000 General error An error occurred for which there was no specific SQLSTATE and for which no implementation-specific SQLSTATE was defined. The error message returned by SQLGetDiagRec in the argument *MessageText buffer describes the error and its cause.
HY001 Memory allocation error The driver was unable to allocate memory required to support execution or completion of the function.
HY010 Function sequence error An asynchronously executing, statement-related function was called for one of the statement handles associated with the Handle, and HandleType was set to SQL_HANDLE_DBC. The asynchronous function was still executing when SQLCancelHandle was called.

(DM) The HandleType argument was SQL_HANDLE_STMT; an asynchronously executing function was called on the associated connection handle; and the function was still executing when this function was called.

(DM) SQLExecute, SQLExecDirect, or SQLMoreResults was called for one of the statement handles associated with the Handle and HandleType was set to SQL_HANDLE_DBC, and returned SQL_PARAM_DATA_AVAILABLE. This function was called before data was retrieved for all streamed parameters.

SQLBrowseConnect was called for ConnectionHandle, and returned SQL_NEED_DATA. This function was called before the browsing process completed.
HY013 Memory management error The function call could not be processed because the underlying memory objects could not be accessed, possibly because of low memory conditions.
HY092 Invalid attribute/option identifier HandleType was set to SQL_HANDLE_ENV or SQL_HANDLE_DESC.
HY117 Connection is suspended due to unknown transaction state. Only disconnect and read-only functions are allowed. (DM) For more information about suspended state, see SQLEndTran Function.
HYT01 Connection timeout expired The connection timeout period expired before the data source responded to the request. The connection timeout period is set through SQLSetConnectAttr, SQL_ATTR_CONNECTION_TIMEOUT.
IM001 Driver does not support this function (DM) The driver associated with the Handle does not support the function.

If SQLCancelHandle is called with HandleType set to SQL_HANDLE_STMT, it can return any SQLSTATE that can be returned by the function SQLCancel.


This function is similar to SQLCancel but may take either a connection or statement handle as a parameter rather than only a statement handle. The Driver Manager maps a call to SQLCancelHandle to a call to SQLCancel when HandleType is SQL_HANDLE_STMT. This allows applications to use SQLCancelHandle to cancel statement operations even if the driver does not implement SQLCancelHandle.

For more information about cancelling a statement operation, see SQLCancel Function.

If there are no operations in progress on Handle the call to SQLCancelHandle has no effect.

SQLCancelHandle on a connection handle can cancel the following types of processing:

  • A function running asynchronously on the connection.

  • A function running on the connection handle on another thread.

When SQLCancelHandle is called to cancel a function running asynchronously in a connection, diagnostic records posted by SQLCancelHandle are appended to those returned by the operation being canceled; SQLCancelHandle does not return diagnostic records, however, when canceling a function running on a connection on another thread.

Using SQLCancelHandle to cancel SQLEndTran may put the connection in suspended state. For more information on suspended state, see SQLEndTran Function.


For information about how to use SQLCancelHandle in an application that will be deployed on a Windows operating system older than Windows 7, see Compatibility Matrix.

If a function returns SQL_STILL_EXECUTING, an application can call SQLCancelHandle to cancel the operation. If the cancel request is successful, SQLCancelHandle returns SQL_SUCCESS. This does not mean that the original function was canceled; it indicates that the cancel request was processed. The driver and data source determine when or if the operation is canceled. The application must continue to call the original function until the return code is not SQL_STILL_EXECUTING. If the original function was canceled, the return code is SQL_ERROR and SQLSTATE HY008 (Operation canceled). If the original function completed its normal processing (was not cancelled), the return code is SQL_SUCCESS or SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO, or SQL_ERROR and a SQLSTATE other than HY008 (Operation canceled), if the original function failed.

Canceling Functions Executing on Another Thread

In a multithread application, the application can cancel an operation that is running on another thread. To cancel the operation, the application calls SQLCancelHandle with the handle used by the function, but on a different thread. The driver and operating system determine how the operation is canceled. The SQLCancelHandle return code indicates whether the driver processed the request, returning either SQL_SUCCESS or SQL_ERROR (no diagnostic information is returned). If processing on the original function is canceled, the original function returns SQL_ERROR and SQLSTATE HY008 (Operation cancelled).

If a function is being executed when SQLCancelHandle is called on another thread to cancel the function, it is possible for the function to succeed and return SQL_SUCCESS before the cancel can take effect. A call to SQLCancelHandle has no effect if the operation completed before SQLCancelHandle was able to cancel the operation.

For information about See
Canceling a function running asynchronously on a statement handle, canceling a function on a statement that needs data, or canceling a function running on a statement on another thread. SQLCancel Function

See Also

ODBC API Reference
ODBC Header Files
Asynchronous Execution (Polling Method)