Include Null Values in JSON - INCLUDE_NULL_VALUES Option

Applies to: SQL Server 2016 (13.x) and later Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Azure Synapse Analytics (serverless SQL pool only)

To include null values in the JSON output of the FOR JSON clause, specify the INCLUDE_NULL_VALUES option.

If you don't specify the INCLUDE_NULL_VALUES option, the JSON output doesn't include properties for values that are null in the query results.


The following example shows the output of the FOR JSON clause with and without the INCLUDE_NULL_VALUES option.

Without the INCLUDE_NULL_VALUES option With the INCLUDE_NULL_VALUES option
{ "name": "John", "surname": "Doe" } { "name": "John", "surname": "Doe", "age": null, "phone": null }

Here's another example of a FOR JSON clause with the INCLUDE_NULL_VALUES option.


SELECT name, surname  
FROM emp  


    "name": "John",
    "surname": null
}, {
    "name": "Jane",
    "surname": "Doe"

Learn more about JSON in SQL Server and Azure SQL Database

Microsoft videos


Some of the video links in this section may not work at this time. Microsoft is migrating content formerly on Channel 9 to a new platform. We will update the links as the videos are migrated to the new platform.

For a visual introduction to the built-in JSON support in SQL Server and Azure SQL Database, see the following videos:

See Also

FOR Clause (Transact-SQL)