Stored Procedures - Running in SQL Server Native Client

Applies to: SQL Server Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Azure Synapse Analytics Analytics Platform System (PDW)


The SQL Server Native Client (often abbreviated SNAC) has been removed from SQL Server 2022 (16.x) and SQL Server Management Studio 19 (SSMS). Both the SQL Server Native Client OLE DB provider (SQLNCLI or SQLNCLI11) and the legacy Microsoft OLE DB Provider for SQL Server (SQLOLEDB) are not recommended for new development. Switch to the new Microsoft OLE DB Driver (MSOLEDBSQL) for SQL Server going forward.

When executing statements, calling a stored procedure on the data source (instead of executing or preparing a statement in the client application directly) can provide:

  • Higher performance.

  • Reduced network overhead.

  • Better consistency.

  • Better accuracy.

  • Added functionality.

The SQL Server Native Client OLE DB provider supports three of the mechanisms that SQL Server stored procedures use to return data:

  • Every SELECT statement in the procedure generates a result set.

  • The procedure can return data through output parameters.

  • The procedure can have an integer return code.

The application must be able to handle all of these outputs from stored procedures.

Different OLE DB providers return output parameters and return values at different times during result processing. In case of the SQL Server Native Client OLE DB provider, the output parameters and return codes are not supplied until after the consumer has retrieved or canceled the result sets returned by the stored procedure. The return codes and the output parameters are returned in the last TDS packet from the server.

Providers use the DBPROP_OUTPUTPARAMETERAVAILABILITY property to report when it returns output parameters and return values. This property is in the DBPROPSET_DATASOURCEINFO property set.

The SQL Server Native Client OLE DB provider sets the DBPROP_OUTPUTPARAMETERAVAILABILITY property to DBPROPVAL_OA_ATROWRELEASE to indicate that return codes and output parameters are not returned until the result set is processed or released.

See Also

Stored Procedures