sys.foreign_key_columns (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server (all supported versions) Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Azure Synapse Analytics Analytics Platform System (PDW)

Contains a row for each column, or set of columns, that comprise a foreign key.

Column name Data type Description
constraint_object_id int ID of the FOREIGN KEY constraint.
constraint_column_id int ID of the column, or set of columns, that comprise the FOREIGN KEY (1..n where n is the number of columns).
parent_object_id int ID of the parent of the constraint, which is the referencing object.
parent_column_id int ID of the parent column, which is the referencing column.
referenced_object_id int ID of the referenced object, which has the candidate key.
referenced_column_id int ID of the referenced column (candidate key column).

Permissions

The visibility of the metadata in catalog views is limited to securables that a user either owns or on which the user has been granted some permission. For more information, see Metadata Visibility Configuration.

Example query

The following Transact-SQL query retrieves all foreign keys in the database, including their related tables and columns.

SELECT fk.name AS ForeignKeyName
    , t_parent.name AS ParentTableName
    , c_parent.name AS ParentColumnName
    , t_child.name AS ReferencedTableName
    , c_child.name AS ReferencedColumnName
FROM sys.foreign_keys fk 
INNER JOIN sys.foreign_key_columns fkc
    ON fkc.constraint_object_id = fk.object_id
INNER JOIN sys.tables t_parent
    ON t_parent.object_id = fk.parent_object_id
INNER JOIN sys.columns c_parent
    ON fkc.parent_column_id = c_parent.column_id  
    AND c_parent.object_id = t_parent.object_id 
INNER JOIN sys.tables t_child
    ON t_child.object_id = fk.referenced_object_id
INNER JOIN sys.columns c_child
    ON c_child.object_id = t_child.object_id
    AND fkc.referenced_column_id = c_child.column_id
ORDER BY t_parent.name, c_parent.name;

See also