sys.server_principals (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Analytics Platform System (PDW)

Contains a row for every server-level principal.

Column name Data type Description
name sysname Name of the principal. Is unique within a server.
principal_id int ID number of the Principal. Is unique within a server.
sid varbinary(85) SID (Security-IDentifier) of the principal.
type char(1) Principal type:

S = SQL login
R = Server role

E = External Login from Azure Active Directory

X = External group from Azure Active Directory group or applications
type_desc nvarchar(60) Description of the principal type:




is_disabled int 1 = Login is disabled.
create_date datetime Time at which the principal was created.
modify_date datetime Time at which the principal definition was last modified.
default_database_name sysname Default database for this principal.
default_language_name sysname Default language for this principal.
credential_id int ID of a credential associated with this principal. If no credential is associated with this principal, credential_id will be NULL.
owning_principal_id int The principal_id of the owner of a server role. NULL if the principal is not a server role.
is_fixed_role bit Returns 1 if the principal is one of the built-in server roles with fixed permissions. For more information, see Server-Level Roles.


Any login can see their own login name, the system logins, and the fixed server roles. Only members of the server role ##MS_LoginManager## or the special database role loginmanager in master or the Azure AD admin and server Admin can see all logins.

The visibility of the metadata in catalog views is limited to securables that a user either owns or on which the user has been granted some permission. For more information, see Metadata Visibility Configuration.


The permissions of fixed server roles do not appear in sys.server_permissions.

See Also

Security Catalog Views (Transact-SQL)
Catalog Views (Transact-SQL)
Principals (Database Engine)
Permissions Hierarchy (Database Engine)