Applies to: SQL Server Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Azure Synapse Analytics Analytics Platform System (PDW)
Returns one row for every symmetric key created with the CREATE SYMMETRIC KEY statement.
|Column name||Data type||Description|
|name||sysname||Name of the key. Unique within the database.|
|principal_id||int||ID of the database principal who owns the key.|
|symmetric_key_id||int||ID of the key. Unique within the database.|
|key_length||int||Length of the key in bits.|
|key_algorithm||char(2)||Algorithm used with the key:
R2 = RC2
R4 = RC4
D = DES
D3 = Triple DES
DT = TRIPLE_DES_3KEY
DX = DESX
A1 = AES 128
A2 = AES 192
A3 = AES 256
NA = EKM Key
|algorithm_desc||nvarchar(60)||Description of the algorithm used with the key:
NULL (Extensible Key Management algorithms only)
|create_date||datetime||Date the key was created.|
|modify_date||datetime||Date the key was modified.|
|key_guid||uniqueidentifier||Globally unique identifier (GUID) associated with the key. It is auto-generated for persisted keys. GUIDs for temporary keys are derived from the user-supplied pass phrase.|
|key_thumbprint||sql_variant||SHA-1 hash of the key. The hash is globally unique. For non-Extensible Key Management keys this value will be NULL.|
|provider_type||nvarchar(120)||Type of cryptographic provider:
CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROVIDER = Extensible Key Management keys
NULL = Non-Extensible Key Management keys
|cryptographic_provider_guid||uniqueidentifier||GUID for the cryptographic provider. For non-Extensible Key Management keys this value will be NULL.|
|cryptographic_provider_algid||sql_variant||Algorithm ID for the cryptographic provider. For non-Extensible Key Management keys this value will be NULL.|
The visibility of the metadata in catalog views is limited to securables that a user either owns or on which the user has been granted some permission. For more information, see Metadata Visibility Configuration.
The RC4 algorithm is deprecated. This feature will be removed in a future version of Microsoft SQL Server. Avoid using this feature in new development work, and plan to modify applications that currently use this feature.
The RC4 algorithm is only supported for backward compatibility. New material can only be encrypted using RC4 or RC4_128 when the database is in compatibility level 90 or 100. (Not recommended.) Use a newer algorithm such as one of the AES algorithms instead. In SQL Server 2012 (11.x) material encrypted using RC4 or RC4_128 can be decrypted in any compatibility level.
Clarification regarding DES algorithms:
DESX was incorrectly named. Symmetric keys created with ALGORITHM = DESX actually use the TRIPLE DES cipher with a 192-bit key. The DESX algorithm is not provided. This feature will be removed in a future version of Microsoft SQL Server. Avoid using this feature in new development work, and plan to modify applications that currently use this feature.
Symmetric keys created with ALGORITHM = TRIPLE_DES_3KEY use TRIPLE DES with a 192-bit key.
Symmetric keys created with ALGORITHM = TRIPLE_DES use TRIPLE DES with a 128-bit key.
Catalog Views (Transact-SQL)
Extensible Key Management (EKM)
Security Catalog Views (Transact-SQL)
CREATE SYMMETRIC KEY (Transact-SQL)