Applies to: SQL Server Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance
Returns information about the encryption state of a database and its associated database encryption keys. For more information about database encryption, see Transparent Data Encryption (TDE).
|Column Name||Data Type||Description|
|database_id||int||ID of the database.|
|encryption_state||int||Indicates whether the database is encrypted or not encrypted.
0 = No database encryption key present, no encryption
1 = Unencrypted
2 = Encryption in progress
3 = Encrypted
4 = Key change in progress
5 = Decryption in progress
6 = Protection change in progress (The certificate or asymmetric key that is encrypting the database encryption key is being changed.)
|create_date||datetime||Displays the date (in UTC) the encryption key was created.|
|regenerate_date||datetime||Displays the date (in UTC) the encryption key was regenerated.|
|modify_date||datetime||Displays the date (in UTC) the encryption key was modified.|
|set_date||datetime||Displays the date (in UTC) the encryption key was applied to the database.|
|opened_date||datetime||Shows when (in UTC) the database key was last opened.|
|key_algorithm||nvarchar(32)||Displays the algorithm that is used for the key.|
|key_length||int||Displays the length of the key.|
|encryptor_thumbprint||varbinary(20)||Shows the thumbprint of the encryptor.|
|encryptor_type||nvarchar(32)||Applies to: SQL Server (SQL Server 2012 (11.x) through current version).
Describes the encryptor.
|percent_complete||real||Percent complete of the database encryption state change. This will be 0 if there is no state change.|
|encryption_state_desc||nvarchar(32)||Applies to: SQL Server 2019 (15.x) and later.
String that indicates whether the database is encrypted or not encrypted.
|encryption_scan_state||int||Applies to: SQL Server 2019 (15.x) and later.
Indicates the current state of the encryption scan.
0 = No scan has been initiated, TDE is not enabled
1 = Scan is in progress.
2 = Scan is in progress but has been suspended, user can resume.
3 = Scan was aborted for some reason, manual intervention is required. Contact Microsoft Support for more assistance.
4 = Scan has been successfully completed, TDE is enabled and encryption is complete.
|encryption_scan_state_desc||nvarchar(32)||Applies to: SQL Server 2019 (15.x) and later.
String that indicates the current state of the encryption scan.
|encryption_scan_modify_date||datetime||Applies to: SQL Server 2019 (15.x) and later.
Displays the date (in UTC) the encryption scan state was last modified.
On SQL Server and SQL Managed Instance, requires
VIEW SERVER STATE permission.
On SQL Database Basic, S0, and S1 service objectives, and for databases in elastic pools, the server admin account, the Azure Active Directory admin account, or membership in the
##MS_ServerStateReader## server role is required. On all other SQL Database service objectives, either the
VIEW DATABASE STATE permission on the database, or membership in the
##MS_ServerStateReader## server role is required.
Permissions for SQL Server 2022 and later
Requires VIEW SERVER SECURITY STATE permission on the server.
Security-Related Dynamic Management Views and Functions (Transact-SQL)
Transparent Data Encryption (TDE)
SQL Server Encryption
SQL Server and Database Encryption Keys (Database Engine)
ALTER DATABASE SET Options (Transact-SQL)
CREATE DATABASE ENCRYPTION KEY (Transact-SQL)
ALTER DATABASE ENCRYPTION KEY (Transact-SQL)
DROP DATABASE ENCRYPTION KEY (Transact-SQL)