Returns one row per authenticated session on SQL Server.
sys.dm_exec_sessions is a server-scope view that shows information about all active user connections and internal tasks. This information includes client version, client program name, client login time, login user, current session setting, and more. Use
sys.dm_exec_sessions to first view the current system load and to identify a session of interest, and then learn more information about that session by using other dynamic management views or dynamic management functions.
sys.dm_exec_requests dynamic management views map to the deprecated sys.sysprocesses system compatibility view.
To call this from dedicated SQL pool in Azure Synapse Analytics or Analytics Platform System (PDW), see sys.dm_pdw_nodes_exec_sessions. For serverless SQL pool or Microsoft Fabric use
|Column name||Data type||Description and version-specific information|
|session_id||smallint||Identifies the session associated with each active primary connection. Not nullable.|
|login_time||datetime||Time when session was established. Not nullable. Sessions that haven't completed logging in, at the time this DMV is queried, are shown with a login time of
|host_name||nvarchar(128)||Name of the client workstation that is specific to a session. The value is NULL for internal sessions. Is nullable.
Security Note: The client application provides the workstation name and can provide inaccurate data. Don't rely on HOST_NAME as a security feature.
|program_name||nvarchar(128)||Name of client program that initiated the session. The value is NULL for internal sessions. Is nullable.|
|host_process_id||int||Process ID of the client program that initiated the session. The value is NULL for internal sessions. Is nullable.|
|client_version||int||TDS protocol version of the interface that is used by the client to connect to the server. The value is NULL for internal sessions. Is nullable.|
|client_interface_name||nvarchar(32)||Name of library/driver being used by the client to communicate with the server. The value is NULL for internal sessions. Is nullable.|
|security_id||varbinary(85)||Microsoft Windows security ID associated with the login. Not nullable.|
|login_name||nvarchar(128)||SQL Server login name under which the session is currently executing. For the original login name that created the session, see
|nt_domain||nvarchar(128)||Applies to: SQL Server 2008 (10.0.x) and later versions
Windows domain for the client if the session is using Windows Authentication or a trusted connection. This value is NULL for internal sessions and non-domain users. Is nullable.
|nt_user_name||nvarchar(128)||Applies to: SQL Server 2008 (10.0.x) and later versions
Windows user name for the client if the session is using Windows Authentication or a trusted connection. This value is NULL for internal sessions and non-domain users. Is nullable.
|status||nvarchar(30)||Status of the session. Possible values:
Running - Currently running one or more requests
Sleeping - Currently running no requests
Dormant - Session has been reset because of connection pooling and is now in prelogin state.
Preconnect - Session is in the Resource Governor classifier.
|context_info||varbinary(128)||CONTEXT_INFO value for the session. The context information is set by the user by using the SET CONTEXT_INFO statement. Is nullable.|
|cpu_time||int||CPU time, in milliseconds, used by this session. Not nullable.|
|memory_usage||int||Number of 8-KB pages of memory used by this session. Not nullable.|
|total_scheduled_time||int||Total time, in milliseconds, for which the session (requests within) were scheduled for execution. Not nullable.|
|total_elapsed_time||int||Time, in milliseconds, since the session was established. Not nullable.|
|endpoint_id||int||ID of the Endpoint associated with the session. Not nullable.|
|last_request_start_time||datetime||Time at which the last request on the session began. This includes the currently executing request. Not nullable.|
|last_request_end_time||datetime||Time of the last completion of a request on the session. Is nullable.|
|reads||bigint||Number of reads performed, by requests in this session, during this session. Not nullable.|
|writes||bigint||Number of writes performed, by requests in this session, during this session. Not nullable.|
|logical_reads||bigint||Number of logical reads performed, by requests in this session, during this session. Not nullable.|
|is_user_process||bit||0 if the session is a system session. Otherwise, it is 1. Not nullable.|
|text_size||int||TEXTSIZE setting for the session. Not nullable.|
|language||nvarchar(128)||LANGUAGE setting for the session. Is nullable.|
|date_format||nvarchar(3)||DATEFORMAT setting for the session. Is nullable.|
|date_first||smallint||DATEFIRST setting for the session. Not nullable.|
|quoted_identifier||bit||QUOTED_IDENTIFIER setting for the session. Not nullable.|
|arithabort||bit||ARITHABORT setting for the session. Not nullable.|
|ansi_null_dflt_on||bit||ANSI_NULL_DFLT_ON setting for the session. Not nullable.|
|ansi_defaults||bit||ANSI_DEFAULTS setting for the session. Not nullable.|
|ansi_warnings||bit||ANSI_WARNINGS setting for the session. Not nullable.|
|ansi_padding||bit||ANSI_PADDING setting for the session. Not nullable.|
|ansi_nulls||bit||ANSI_NULLS setting for the session. Not nullable.|
|concat_null_yields_null||bit||CONCAT_NULL_YIELDS_NULL setting for the session. Not nullable.|
|transaction_isolation_level||smallint||Transaction isolation level of the session.
0 = Unspecified
1 = ReadUncommitted
2 = ReadCommitted
3 = RepeatableRead
4 = Serializable
5 = Snapshot
|lock_timeout||int||LOCK_TIMEOUT setting for the session. The value is in milliseconds. Not nullable.|
|deadlock_priority||int||DEADLOCK_PRIORITY setting for the session. Not nullable.|
|row_count||bigint||Number of rows returned on the session up to this point. Not nullable.|
|prev_error||int||ID of the last error returned on the session. Not nullable.|
|original_security_id||varbinary(85)||Microsoft Windows security ID that is associated with the
|original_login_name||nvarchar(128)||SQL Server login name that the client used to create this session. Can be a SQL Server authenticated login name, a Windows authenticated domain user name, or a contained database user. The session could have gone through many implicit or explicit context switches after the initial connection. For example, if EXECUTE AS is used. Not nullable.|
|last_successful_logon||datetime||Applies to: SQL Server 2008 (10.0.x) and later versions
Time of the last successful logon for the original_login_name before the current session started.
|last_unsuccessful_logon||datetime||Applies to: SQL Server 2008 (10.0.x) and later versions
Time of the last unsuccessful logon attempt for the original_login_name before the current session started.
|unsuccessful_logons||bigint||Applies to: SQL Server 2008 (10.0.x) and later versions
Number of unsuccessful logon attempts for the
|group_id||int||ID of the workload group to which this session belongs. Not nullable.|
|database_id||smallint||Applies to: SQL Server 2012 (11.x) and later versions
ID of the current database for each session.
In Azure SQL Database, the values are unique within a single database or an elastic pool, but not within a logical server.
|authenticating_database_id||int||Applies to: SQL Server 2012 (11.x) and later versions
ID of the database authenticating the principal. For logins, the value will be 0. For contained database users, the value will be the database ID of the contained database.
|open_transaction_count||int||Applies to: SQL Server 2012 (11.x) and later versions
Number of open transactions per session.
|pdw_node_id||int||Applies to: Azure Synapse Analytics, Analytics Platform System (PDW)
The identifier for the node that this distribution is on.
|page_server_reads||bigint||Applies to: Azure SQL Database Hyperscale
Number of page server reads performed, by requests in this session, during this session. Not nullable.
Everyone can see their own session information.
SQL Server: Requires
VIEW SERVER STATE permission on SQL Server to see all sessions on the server.
SQL Database: Requires
VIEW DATABASE STATE to see all connections to the current database.
VIEW DATABASE STATE can't be granted in the
Permissions for SQL Server 2022 and later
Requires VIEW SERVER PERFORMANCE STATE permission on the server.
When the common criteria compliance enabled server configuration option is enabled, logon statistics are displayed in the following columns.
If this option isn't enabled, these columns will return null values. For more information about how to set this server configuration option, see common criteria compliance enabled server configuration option.
The admin connections on Azure SQL Database see one row per authenticated session. The "sa" sessions that appear in the resultset, don't have any effect on the user quota for sessions. The non-admin connections will only see information related to their database user sessions.
Because of differences in how they are recorded,
open_transaction_count may not match
||sys.dm_exec_requests||session_id||One-to-zero or one-to-many|
||sys.dm_exec_connections||session_id||One-to-zero or one-to-many|
||sys.dm_tran_session_transactions||session_id||One-to-zero or one-to-many|
||sys.dm_exec_cursors (session_id | 0)||session_id CROSS APPLY
|One-to-zero or one-to-many|
A. Find users that are connected to the server
The following example finds the users that are connected to the server and returns the number of sessions for each user.
SELECT login_name, COUNT(session_id) AS session_count FROM sys.dm_exec_sessions GROUP BY login_name;
B. Find long-running cursors
The following example finds the cursors that have been open for more than a specific period of time, who created the cursors, and what session the cursors are on.
USE master; GO SELECT creation_time, cursor_id, name, c.session_id, login_name FROM sys.dm_exec_cursors(0) AS c INNER JOIN sys.dm_exec_sessions AS s ON c.session_id = s.session_id WHERE DATEDIFF(mi, c.creation_time, GETDATE()) > 5; GO
C. Find idle sessions that have open transactions
The following example finds sessions that have open transactions and are idle. An idle session is one that has no request currently running.
SELECT s.* FROM sys.dm_exec_sessions AS s WHERE EXISTS ( SELECT * FROM sys.dm_tran_session_transactions AS t WHERE t.session_id = s.session_id ) AND NOT EXISTS ( SELECT * FROM sys.dm_exec_requests AS r WHERE r.session_id = s.session_id );
D. Find information about a queries own connection
The following example gathers information about a query's own connection:
SELECT c.session_id, c.net_transport, c.encrypt_option, c.auth_scheme, s.host_name, s.program_name, s.client_interface_name, s.login_name, s.nt_domain, s.nt_user_name, s.original_login_name, c.connect_time, s.login_time FROM sys.dm_exec_connections AS c INNER JOIN sys.dm_exec_sessions AS s ON c.session_id = s.session_id WHERE c.session_id = @@SPID;