sys.dm_fts_index_population (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance

Returns information about the full-text index and semantic key phrase populations currently in progress in SQL Server.

Column name Data type Description
database_id int ID of the database that contains the full-text index being populated.
catalog_id int ID of the full-text catalog that contains this full-text index.
table_id int ID of the table for which the full-text index is being populated.
memory_address varbinary(8) Memory address of the internal data structure that is used to represent an active population.
population_type int Type of population. One of the following:

1 = Full population

2 = Incremental timestamp-based population

3 = Manual update of tracked changes

4 = Background update of tracked changes.
population_type_description nvarchar(120) Description for type of population.
is_clustered_index_scan bit Indicates whether the population involves a scan on the clustered index.
range_count int Number of sub-ranges into which this population has been parallelized.
completed_range_count int Number of ranges for which processing is complete.
outstanding_batch_count int Current number of outstanding batches for this population. For more information, see sys.dm_fts_outstanding_batches (Transact-SQL).
status int Applies to: SQL Server 2012 (11.x) and later.

Status of this Population. Note: some of the states are transient. One of the following:

3 = Starting

5 = Processing normally

7 = Has stopped processing

For example, this status occurs when an auto merge is in progress.

11 = Population aborted

12 = Processing a semantic similarity extraction
status_description nvarchar(120) Description of status of the population.
completion_type int Status of how this population completed.
completion_type_description nvarchar(120) Description of the completion type.
worker_count int This value is always 0.
queued_population_type int Type of the population, based on tracked changes, which will follow the current population, if any.
queued_population_type_description nvarchar(120) Description of the population to follow, if any. For example, when CHANGE TRACKING = AUTO and the initial full population is in progress, this column would show "Auto population."
start_time datetime Time that the population started.
incremental_timestamp timestamp Represents the starting timestamp for a full population. For all other population types this value is the last committed checkpoint representing the progress of the populations.


When statistical semantic indexing is enabled in addition to full-text indexing, the semantic extraction and population of key phrases, and the extraction of document similarity data, occur simultaneously with full-text indexing. The population of the document similarity index occurs later in a second phase. For more information, see Manage and Monitor Semantic Search.


On SQL Server and SQL Managed Instance, requires VIEW SERVER STATE permission.

On SQL Database Basic, S0, and S1 service objectives, and for databases in elastic pools, the server admin account, the Azure Active Directory admin account, or membership in the ##MS_ServerStateReader## server role is required. On all other SQL Database service objectives, either the VIEW DATABASE STATE permission on the database, or membership in the ##MS_ServerStateReader## server role is required.

Permissions for SQL Server 2022 and later

Requires VIEW SERVER PERFORMANCE STATE permission on the server.

Physical joins

Diagram of physical joins for sys.dm_fts_index_population.

Relationship cardinalities

From To Relationship
dm_fts_active_catalogs.database_id dm_fts_index_population.database_id One-to-one
dm_fts_active_catalogs.catalog_id dm_fts_index_population.catalog_id One-to-one
dm_fts_population_ranges.parent_memory_address dm_fts_index_population.memory_address Many-to-one

Next steps

Dynamic Management Views and Functions (Transact-SQL)
Full-Text Search and Semantic Search Dynamic Management Views and Functions (Transact-SQL)