sys.dm_tran_version_store (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance

Returns a virtual table that displays all version records in the version store. sys.dm_tran_version_store is inefficient to run because it queries the entire version store, and the version store can be very large.

Each versioned record is stored as binary data together with some tracking or status information. Similar to records in database tables, version-store records are stored in 8192-byte pages. If a record exceeds 8192 bytes, the record will be split across two different records.

Because the versioned record is stored as binary, there are no problems with different collations from different databases. Use sys.dm_tran_version_store to find the previous versions of the rows in binary representation as they exist in the version store.



Table Returned

Column name Data type Description
transaction_sequence_num bigint Sequence number of the transaction that generates the record version.
version_sequence_num bigint Version record sequence number. This value is unique within the version-generating transaction.
database_id int Database ID of the versioned record.
rowset_id bigint Rowset ID of the record.
status tinyint Indicates whether a versioned record has been split across two records. If the value is 0, the record is stored in one page. If the value is 1, the record is split into two records that are stored on two different pages.
min_length_in_bytes smallint Minimum length of the record in bytes.
record_length_first_part_in_bytes smallint Length of the first part of the versioned record in bytes.
record_image_first_part varbinary(8000) Binary image of the first part of version record.
record_length_second_part_in_bytes smallint Length of the second part of version record in bytes.
record_image_second_part varbinary(8000) Binary image of the second part of the version record.


On SQL Server and SQL Managed Instance, requires VIEW SERVER STATE permission.

On SQL Database Basic, S0, and S1 service objectives, and for databases in elastic pools, the server admin account, the Azure Active Directory admin account, or membership in the ##MS_ServerStateReader## server role is required. On all other SQL Database service objectives, either the VIEW DATABASE STATE permission on the database, or membership in the ##MS_ServerStateReader## server role is required.

Permissions for SQL Server 2022 and later

Requires VIEW SERVER PERFORMANCE STATE permission on the server.


The following example uses a test scenario in which four concurrent transactions, each identified by a transaction sequence number (XSN), are running in a database that has the ALLOW_SNAPSHOT_ISOLATION and READ_COMMITTED_SNAPSHOT options set to ON. The following transactions are running:

  • XSN-57 is an update operation under serializable isolation.

  • XSN-58 is the same as XSN-57.

  • XSN-59 is a select operation under snapshot isolation.

  • XSN-60 is the same as XSN-59.

The following query is executed.

    database_id rowset_id,  
  FROM sys.dm_tran_version_store;  

Here is the result set.

transaction_sequence_num version_sequence_num database_id  
------------------------ -------------------- -----------  
57                      1                    9             
57                      2                    9             
57                      3                    9             
58                      1                    9             
rowset_id            status min_length_in_bytes  
-------------------- ------ -------------------  
72057594038321152    0      12                   
72057594038321152    0      12                   
72057594038321152    0      12                   
72057594038386688    0      16                   
record_length_second_part_in_bytes record_image_second_part  
---------------------------------- ------------------------  
0                                  NULL  
0                                  NULL  
0                                  NULL  
0                                  NULL  

The output shows that XSN-57 has created three row versions from one table and XSN-58 has created one row version from another table.

See Also

Dynamic Management Views and Functions (Transact-SQL)
Transaction Related Dynamic Management Views and Functions (Transact-SQL)