Creates a schedule for a SQL Agent job.
On Azure SQL Managed Instance, most, but not all SQL Server Agent features are currently supported. See Azure SQL Managed Instance T-SQL differences from SQL Server for details.
sp_add_jobschedule [ @job_id = ] job_id, | [ @job_name = ] 'job_name', [ @name = ] 'name' [ , [ @enabled = ] enabled_flag ] [ , [ @freq_type = ] frequency_type ] [ , [ @freq_interval = ] frequency_interval ] [ , [ @freq_subday_type = ] frequency_subday_type ] [ , [ @freq_subday_interval = ] frequency_subday_interval ] [ , [ @freq_relative_interval = ] frequency_relative_interval ] [ , [ @freq_recurrence_factor = ] frequency_recurrence_factor ] [ , [ @active_start_date = ] active_start_date ] [ , [ @active_end_date = ] active_end_date ] [ , [ @active_start_time = ] active_start_time ] [ , [ @active_end_time = ] active_end_time ] [ , [ @schedule_id = ] schedule_id OUTPUT ] [ , [ @schedule_uid = ] _schedule_uid OUTPUT ]
[ @job_id = ] job_id
Job identification number of the job to which the schedule is added. job_id is uniqueidentifier, with no default.
[ @job_name = ] 'job_name'
Name of the job to which the schedule is added. job_name is nvarchar(128), with no default.
Either job_id or job_name must be specified, but both cannot be specified.
[ @name = ] 'name'
Name of the schedule. name is nvarchar(128), with no default.
[ @enabled = ] enabled_flag
Indicates the current status of the schedule. enabled_flag is tinyint, with a default of 1 (enabled). If 0, the schedule is not enabled. When the schedule is disabled, the job will not be run.
[ @freq_type = ] frequency_type
Value that indicates when the job is to be executed. frequency_type is int, with a default of 0, and can be one of the following values:
|32||Monthly, relative to frequency_interval.|
|64||Run when the SQL Server Agent service starts.|
|128||Run when the computer is idle.|
[ @freq_interval = ] frequency_interval
Day that the job is executed. frequency_interval is int, with a default of 0, and depends on the value of frequency_type as indicated in the following table:
|1 (once)||frequency_interval is unused.|
|4 (daily)||Every frequency_interval days.|
|8 (weekly)||frequency_interval is one or more of the following (combined with an OR logical operator):
1 = Sunday
2 = Monday
4 = Tuesday
8 = Wednesday
16 = Thursday
32 = Friday
64 = Saturday
|16 (monthly)||On the frequency_interval day of the month.|
|32 (monthly relative)||frequency_interval is one of the following:
1 = Sunday
2 = Monday
3 = Tuesday
4 = Wednesday
5 = Thursday
6 = Friday
7 = Saturday
8 = Day
9 = Weekday
10 = Weekend day
|64 (when the SQL Server Agent service starts)||frequency_interval is unused.|
|128||frequency_interval is unused.|
[ @freq_subday_type = ] frequency_subday_type
Specifies the units for frequency_subday_interval. frequency_subday_type is int, with no default, and can be one of the following values:
|0x1||At the specified time|
[ @freq_subday_interval = ] frequency_subday_interval
Number of frequency_subday_type periods to occur between each execution of the job. frequency_subday_interval is int, with a default of 0.
[ @freq_relative_interval = ] frequency_relative_interval
Further defines the frequency_interval when frequency_type is set to 32 (monthly relative).
frequency_relative_interval is int, with no default, and can be one of the following values:
frequency_relative_interval indicates the occurrence of the interval. For example, if frequency_relative_interval is set to 2, frequency_type is set to 32, and frequency_interval is set to 3, the scheduled job would occur on the second Tuesday of each month.
[ @freq_recurrence_factor = ] frequency_recurrence_factor
Number of weeks or months between the scheduled execution of the job. frequency_recurrence_factor is used only if frequency_type is set to 8, 16, or 32. frequency_recurrence_factor is int, with a default of 0.
[ @active_start_date = ] active_start_date
Date on which job execution can begin. active_start_date is int, with no default. The date is formatted as YYYYMMDD. If active_start_date is set, the date must be greater than or equal to 19900101.
After the schedule is created, review the start date and confirm that it is the correct date. For more information, see the section "Scheduling Start Date" in Create and Attach Schedules to Jobs.
[ @active_end_date = ] active_end_date
Date on which job execution can stop. active_end_date is int, with no default. The date is formatted as YYYYMMDD.
[ @active_start_time = ] active_start_time
Time on any day between active_start_date and active_end_date to begin job execution. active_start_time is int, with no default. The time is formatted as HHMMSS on a 24-hour clock.
[ @active_end_time = active_end_time_
Time on any day between active_start_date and active_end_date to end job execution. active_end_time is int, with no default. The time is formatted as HHMMSS on a 24-hour clock.
[ @schedule_id = schedule_idOUTPUT
Schedule identification number assigned to the schedule if it is created successfully. schedule_id is an output variable of type int, with no default.
[ @schedule_uid = ] _schedule_uidOUTPUT
A unique identifier for the schedule. schedule_uid is a variable of type uniqueidentifier.
Return Code Values
0 (success) or 1 (failure)
Job schedules can now be managed independently of jobs. To add a schedule to a job, use sp_add_schedule to create the schedule and sp_attach_schedule to attach the schedule to a job.
By default, members of the sysadmin fixed server role can execute this stored procedure. Other users must be granted one of the following SQL Server Agent fixed database roles in the msdb database:
For details about the permissions of these roles, see SQL Server Agent Fixed Database Roles.
The following example assigns a job schedule to
SaturdayReports which will execute every Saturday at 2:00 AM.
EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_jobschedule @job_name = N'SaturdayReports', -- Job name @name = N'Weekly_Sat_2AM', -- Schedule name @freq_type = 8, -- Weekly @freq_interval = 64, -- Saturday @freq_recurrence_factor = 1, -- every week @active_start_time = 20000 -- 2:00 AM
Create and Attach Schedules to Jobs
Schedule a Job
Create a Schedule
SQL Server Agent Stored Procedures (Transact-SQL)