sp_dropdistributiondb (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server Azure SQL Managed Instance

Drops a distribution database. Drops the physical files used by the database if they aren't used by another database. This stored procedure is executed at the Distributor on any database.

Transact-SQL syntax conventions


    [ @database = ] N'database'
    [ , [ @former_ag_secondary = ] former_ag_secondary ]
[ ; ]


[ @database = ] N'database'

The database to drop. @database is sysname, with no default.

[ @former_ag_secondary = ] former_ag_secondary

Specifies whether this node was previously part of an availability group for the distribution database. @former_ag_secondary is int, with a default of 0.

Return code values

0 (success) or 1 (failure).


sp_dropdistributiondb is used in all types of replication.

This stored procedure must be executed before dropping the Distributor by executing sp_dropdistributor.

sp_dropdistributiondb also removes a Queue Reader Agent job for the distribution database, if one exists.

To disable distribution, the distribution database must be online. If a database snapshot exists for the distribution database, it must be dropped before disabling distribution. A database snapshot is a read-only offline copy of a database, and isn't related to a replication snapshot. For more information, see Database snapshots (SQL Server).


-- This script uses sqlcmd scripting variables. They are in the form
-- $(MyVariable). For information about how to use scripting variables  
-- on the command line and in SQL Server Management Studio, see the 
-- "Executing Replication Scripts" section in the topic
-- "Programming Replication Using System Stored Procedures".

-- Disable publishing and distribution.
DECLARE @distributionDB AS sysname;
DECLARE @publisher AS sysname;
DECLARE @publicationDB as sysname;
SET @distributionDB = N'distribution';
SET @publisher = $(DistPubServer);
SET @publicationDB = N'AdventureWorks2022';

-- Disable the publication database.
USE [AdventureWorks2022]
EXEC sp_removedbreplication @publicationDB;

-- Remove the registration of the local Publisher at the Distributor.
USE master
EXEC sp_dropdistpublisher @publisher;

-- Delete the distribution database.
EXEC sp_dropdistributiondb @distributionDB;

-- Remove the local server as a Distributor.
EXEC sp_dropdistributor;


Only members of the sysadmin fixed server role can execute sp_dropdistributiondb.